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Title: Measurement uncertainty analysis of leak localisation in a gas pipeline
Authors: Chen, Runchang
Cui, Shan
Khoo, David Wee Yang
Khoo, Boo Cheong 
Keywords: Gas leak localisation
Measurement uncertainty (MU)
Monte Carlo method
Negative pressure wave
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2021
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Chen, Runchang, Cui, Shan, Khoo, David Wee Yang, Khoo, Boo Cheong (2021-12-01). Measurement uncertainty analysis of leak localisation in a gas pipeline. Measurement: Sensors 18 : 100069. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Leak location in a gas pipeline can be estimated by negative pressure wave method. To evaluate the accuracy of the estimated leak location, measurement uncertainty (MU) must be studied and accounted for. A model has been introduced to calculate the MU of the estimated leak location according to the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement together with Monte Carlo method. Firstly, it is noted that the manual measurement process of pipeline length and actual leak locations has substantial contribution to the MU. Secondly, when a leak is closer to one end of the pipeline, the localisation MU is affected more by the temperature and flow MUs at the other end of the pipeline. Finally, the expanded MU increases as the leak location moves further away from the pipeline inlet, ranging from 0.0522% to 0.0806% mainly due to the manual dimensional measurement. © 2021
Source Title: Measurement: Sensors
ISSN: 2665-9174
DOI: 10.1016/j.measen.2021.100069
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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