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Title: Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in human pluripotent stem cell-derived fibroblasts
Authors: Handral, Harish K. 
Ashajyothi, C.
Sriram, Gopu 
Kelmani, Chandrakanth R.
Dubey, Nileshkumar 
Cao, Tong 
Keywords: Cytotoxicity
Human pluripotent stem cells
Issue Date: 19-Jan-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Handral, Harish K., Ashajyothi, C., Sriram, Gopu, Kelmani, Chandrakanth R., Dubey, Nileshkumar, Cao, Tong (2021-01-19). Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of metal oxide nanoparticles in human pluripotent stem cell-derived fibroblasts. Coatings 11 (1) : 1-14. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Advances in the use of nanoparticles (NPs) has created promising progress in biotechnology and consumer-care based industry. This has created an increasing need for testing their safety and toxicity profiles. Hence, efforts to understand the cellular responses towards nanomaterials are needed. However, current methods using animal and cancer-derived cell lines raise questions on physiological relevance. In this aspect, in the current study, we investigated the use of pluripotent human embryonic stem cell- (hESCs) derived fibroblasts (hESC-Fib) as a closer representative of the in vivo response as well as to encourage the 3Rs (replacement, reduction and refinement) concept for evaluating the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium dioxide (TiO2) and silicon-dioxide (SiO2) NPs. Cytotoxicity assays demonstrated that the adverse effects of respective NPs were observed in hESC-Fib beyond concentrations of 200 µg/mL (SiO2 NPs), 30 µg/mL (TiO2 NPs) and 20 µg/mL (ZnO NPs). Flow cytometry results correlated with increased apoptosis upon increase in NP concentration. Subsequently, scratch wound assays showed ZnO (10 µg/mL) and TiO2 (20 µg/mL) NPs inhibit the rate of wound coverage. DNA damage assays confirmed TiO2 and ZnO NPs are genotoxic. In summary, hESC-Fib could be used as an alternative platform to understand toxicity profiles of metal oxide NPs. © 2021 by the authors.
Source Title: Coatings
ISSN: 2079-6412
DOI: 10.3390/coatings11010107
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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