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Title: Greenhouse gases emissions from riparian wetlands: An example from the Inner Mongolia grassland region in China
Authors: Liu, Xinyu
Lu, Xixi 
Yu, Ruihong
Sun, Heyang
Xue, Hao
Qi, Zhen
Cao, Zhengxu
Zhang, Zhuangzhuang
Liu, Tingxi
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2021
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH
Citation: Liu, Xinyu, Lu, Xixi, Yu, Ruihong, Sun, Heyang, Xue, Hao, Qi, Zhen, Cao, Zhengxu, Zhang, Zhuangzhuang, Liu, Tingxi (2021-09-01). Greenhouse gases emissions from riparian wetlands: An example from the Inner Mongolia grassland region in China. Biogeosciences 18 (17) : 4855-4872. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Gradual riparian wetland drying is increasingly sensitive to global warming and contributes to climate change. Riparian wetlands play a significant role in regulating carbon and nitrogen cycles. In this study, we analyzed the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) from riparian wetlands in the Xilin River basin to understand the role of these ecosystems in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Moreover, the impact of the catchment hydrology and soil property variations on GHG emissions over time and space was evaluated. Our results demonstrate that riparian wetlands emit larger amounts of CO2 (335-2790?€¯mgm-2h-1 in the wet season and 72-387?€¯mgm-2h-1 in the dry season) than CH4 and N2O to the atmosphere due to high plant and soil respiration. The results also reveal clear seasonal variations and spatial patterns along the transects in the longitudinal direction. N2O emissions showed a spatiotemporal pattern similar to that of CO2 emissions. Near-stream sites were the only sources of CH4 emissions, while the other sites served as sinks for these emissions. Soil moisture content and soil temperature were the essential factors controlling GHG emissions, and abundant aboveground biomass promoted the CO2, CH4, and N2O emissions. Moreover, compared to different types of grasslands, riparian wetlands were the potential hotspots of GHG emissions in the Inner Mongolian region. Degradation of downstream wetlands has reduced the soil carbon pool by approximately 60?€¯%, decreased CO2 emissions by approximately 35?€¯%, and converted the wetland from a CH4 and N2O source to a sink. Our study showed that anthropogenic activities have extensively changed the hydrological characteristics of the riparian wetlands and might accelerate carbon loss, which could further affect GHG emissions. © Authors 2021.
Source Title: Biogeosciences
ISSN: 1726-4170
DOI: 10.5194/bg-18-4855-2021
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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