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Title: A Physical Perspective to the Inductive Function of Myelin—A Missing Piece of Neuroscience
Authors: Wang, Hao 
Wang, Jiahui 
Cai, Guangyi
Liu, Yonghong
Qu, Yansong
Wu, Tianzhun
Keywords: magnetic nerve stimulation
magnetic resonance imaging
opposite spiraling
piezoelectric cell membrane
Issue Date: 18-Jan-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Citation: Wang, Hao, Wang, Jiahui, Cai, Guangyi, Liu, Yonghong, Qu, Yansong, Wu, Tianzhun (2021-01-18). A Physical Perspective to the Inductive Function of Myelin—A Missing Piece of Neuroscience. Frontiers in Neural Circuits 14 : 562005. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Starting from the inductance in neurons, two physical origins are discussed, which are the coil inductance of myelin and the piezoelectric effect of the cell membrane. The direct evidence of the coil inductance of myelin is the opposite spiraling phenomenon between adjacent myelin sheaths confirmed by previous studies. As for the piezoelectric effect of the cell membrane, which has been well-known in physics, the direct evidence is the mechanical wave accompany with action potential. Therefore, a more complete physical nature of neural signals is provided. In conventional neuroscience, the neural signal is a pure electrical signal. In our new theory, the neural signal is an energy pulse containing electrical, magnetic, and mechanical components. Such a physical understanding of the neural signal and neural systems significantly improve the knowledge of the neurons. On the one hand, we achieve a corrected neural circuit of an inductor-capacitor-capacitor (LCC) form, whose frequency response and electrical characteristics have been validated by previous studies and the modeling fitting of artifacts in our experiments. On the other hand, a number of phenomena observed in neural experiments are explained. In particular, they are the mechanism of magnetic nerve stimulations and ultrasound nerve stimulations, the MRI image contrast issue and Anode Break Excitation. At last, the biological function of myelin is summarized. It is to provide inductance in the process of neural signal, which can enhance the signal speed in peripheral nervous systems and provide frequency modulation function in central nervous systems. © Copyright © 2021 Wang, Wang, Cai, Liu, Qu and Wu.
Source Title: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
ISSN: 1662-5110
DOI: 10.3389/fncir.2020.562005
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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