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Title: β-Cyclodextrin-Polyacrylamide Hydrogel for Removal of Organic Micropollutants from Water
Authors: Song, Xia 
Mensah, Nana Nyarko
Wen, Yuting 
Zhu, Jingling 
Zhang, Zhongxing 
Tan, Wui Siew
Chen, Xinwei
Li, Jun 
Keywords: Hydrogel
Inclusion complex
Organic micropollutant removal
Issue Date: 19-Aug-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Song, Xia, Mensah, Nana Nyarko, Wen, Yuting, Zhu, Jingling, Zhang, Zhongxing, Tan, Wui Siew, Chen, Xinwei, Li, Jun (2021-08-19). β-Cyclodextrin-Polyacrylamide Hydrogel for Removal of Organic Micropollutants from Water. Molecules 26 (16) : 5031. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Water pollution by various toxic substances remains a serious environmental problem, especially the occurrence of organic micropollutants including endocrine disruptors, pharmaceutical pollutants and naphthol pollutants. Adsorption process has been an effective method for pollutant removal in wastewater treatment. However, the thermal regeneration process for the most widely used activated carbon is costly and energy-consuming. Therefore, there has been an increas-ing need to develop alternative low-cost and effective adsorption materials for pollutant removal. Herein, β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), a cheap and versatile material, was modified with methacrylate groups by reacting with methacryloyl chloride, giving an average degree of substitution of 3 per β- CD molecule. β-CD-methacrylate, which could function as a crosslinker, was then copolymerized with acrylamide monomer via free-radical copolymerization to form β-CD-polyacrylamide (β-CD- PAAm) hydrogel. Interestingly, in the structure of the β-CD-PAAm hydrogel, β-CD is not only a functional unit binding pollutant molecules through inclusion complexation, but also a structural unit crosslinking PAAm leading to the formation of the hydrogel 3D networks. Morphological studies showed that β-CD-PAAm gel had larger pore size than the control PAAm gel, which was synthesized using conventional crosslinker instead of β-CD-methacrylate. This was consistent with the higher swelling ratio of β-CD-PAAm gel than that of PAAm gel (29.4 vs. 12.7). In the kinetic ad-sorption studies, phenolphthalein, a model dye, and bisphenol A, propranolol hydrochloride, and 2-naphthol were used as model pollutants from different classes. The adsorption data for β-CD- PAAm gel fitted well into the pseudo-second-order model. In addition, the thermodynamic studies revealed that β-CD-PAAm gel was able to effectively adsorb the different dye and pollutants at various concentrations, while the control PAAm gel had very low adsorption, confirming that the pollutant removal was due to the inclusion complexation between β-CD units and pollutant mole-cules. The adsorption isotherms of the different dye and pollutants by the β-CD-PAAm gel fitted well into the Langmuir model. Furthermore, the β-CD-PAAm gel could be easily recycled by soak-ing in methanol and reused without compromising its performance for five consecutive adsorp-tion/desorption cycles. Therefore, the β-CD-PAAm gel, which combines the advantage of an easy-to-handle hydrogel platform and the effectiveness of adsorption by β-CD units, could be a promising pollutant removal system for wastewater treatment applications. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Molecules
ISSN: 1420-3049
DOI: 10.3390/molecules26165031
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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