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Title: The relationship between health-related quality of life and melancholic depressive symptoms is modified by brain insulin receptor gene network
Authors: Selenius, Jannica S.
Silveira, Patricia P.
Salonen, Minna
Kautiainen, Hannu
von Bonsdorff, Mikaela
Kajantie, Eero
Lahti, Jari
Eriksson, Johan G. 
Wasenius, Niko S.
Issue Date: 3-Nov-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Selenius, Jannica S., Silveira, Patricia P., Salonen, Minna, Kautiainen, Hannu, von Bonsdorff, Mikaela, Kajantie, Eero, Lahti, Jari, Eriksson, Johan G., Wasenius, Niko S. (2021-11-03). The relationship between health-related quality of life and melancholic depressive symptoms is modified by brain insulin receptor gene network. Scientific Reports 11 (1) : 21588. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: To investigate whether expression-based polygenic risk scores for the insulin receptor gene network (ePRS-IRs) modifiy the association between type of depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This cross-sectional study includes 1558 individuals from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. Between 2001 and 2004, the Short Form-36 questionnaire was employed to assess mental and physical components of HRQoL and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) to assess depressive symptoms. Depressive symptoms were categorized into minimal (BDI < 10), non-melancholic and melancholic types of depression. The ePRS-IRs were calculated for the hippocampal (hePRS-IR) and the mesocorticolimbic (mePRS-IR) regions of the brain. General linear regression models adjusted for age, sex, population stratification, lifestyle factors and body mass index were applied to analyze the data. Both types of depressive symptoms were associated with lower HRQoL (p < 0.0001). HePRS-IR modified the association between the types of depression and mental HRQoL (p for interaction = 0.005). Melancholic type of depressive symptoms was associated with higher mental HRQoL compared to the non-melancholic symptoms among individuals with low hePRS-IR (adjusted mean 4.1, 95% CI 0.7–7.4, p = 0.018). However, no such difference was evident in moderate or high hePRS-IR groups as higher hePRS-IR was associated with lower mental HRQoL (B = − 3.4, 95% CI − 5.6 to − 1.2) in individuals with melancholic type of depressive symptoms. No direct associations were detected between the ePRS-IRs and type of depressive symptoms or HRQoL. Variations in the glucose-insulin metabolism can lower HRQoL in individuals with melancholic depressive symptoms. © 2021, The Author(s).
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-00631-w
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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