Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/231541
Title: ON ANNOTATION EFFICIENT LEARNING FOR COMPUTER VISION TASKS AND ITS APPLICATION ON MEDICAL IMAGE DATASETS
Authors: ATIN GHOSH
Keywords: Semi-Supervised learning, Self-Supervised learning, Regularization, Data Augmentation, Computer Vision, Medical Images
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2022
Citation: ATIN GHOSH (2022-03-31). ON ANNOTATION EFFICIENT LEARNING FOR COMPUTER VISION TASKS AND ITS APPLICATION ON MEDICAL IMAGE DATASETS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Recently proposed consistency-based Semi-Supervised Learning (SSL) methods such as the Pi-model, temporal ensembling, the mean teacher, or virtual adversarial training, achieve state-of-the-art results in several SSL tasks. These methods can typically reach performances that are comparable to their fully supervised counterparts while using only a fraction of labelled examples. Despite these methodological advances, understanding of these methods is still relatively limited. To make progress, we analyse (variations of) the Pi-model in settings where analytically tractable results can be obtained. We establish links with Manifold Tangent Classifiers and demonstrate that the quality of the perturbations is key to obtaining reasonable SSL performances. Furthermore, we propose a simple extension of the Hidden Manifold Model that naturally incorporates data-augmentation schemes and offers a tractable framework for understanding SSL methods. We also propose a clustering-based self-supervised method, which can learn general image and video features from large-scale unlabelled data without using any human-annotated labels. Finally, borrowing ideas from self and semi-supervised learning, we propose a patch-based and point-based contrastive learning framework to perform semi-supervised semantic segmentation for medical images.
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/231541
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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