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Title: Who is an effective clinical teacher from the perspectives of medical students and residents?
Authors: Ooi, SBS 
Tan, CWT 
Frambach, JM
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2021
Publisher: Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine
Citation: Ooi, SBS, Tan, CWT, Frambach, JM (2021-01-01). Who is an effective clinical teacher from the perspectives of medical students and residents?. Asia Pacific Scholar 6 (1) : 40-48. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction: Almost all published literature on effective clinical teachers were from western countries and only two compared medical students with residents. Hence, this study aims to explore the perceived characteristics of effective clinical teachers among medical students compared to residents graduating from an Asian medical school, and specifically whether there are differences between cognitive and non-cognitive domain skills, to inform faculty development. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted at the National University Health System (NUHS), Singapore involving six final year medical students at the National University of Singapore, and six residents from the NUHS Residency programme. Analysis of the semi-structured one-on-one interviews was done using a 3-step approach based on principles of Grounded Theory. Results: There are differences in the perceptions of effective clinical teachers between medical students and residents. Medical students valued a more didactic spoon-feeding type of teacher in their earlier clinical years. However final year medical students and residents valued feedback and role-modelling at clinical practice. The top two characteristics of approachability and passion for teaching are in the non-cognitive domains. These seem foundational and lead to the acquisition of effective teaching skills such as the ability to simplify complex concepts and creating a conducive learning environment. Being exam-oriented is a new characteristic not identified before in “Western-dominated” publications. Conclusion: The results of this study will help to inform educators of the differences in a learner’s needs at different stages of their clinical development and to potentially adapt their teaching styles.
Source Title: Asia Pacific Scholar
ISSN: 24249335
DOI: 10.29060/TAPS.2021-6-1/OA2227
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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