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Title: Worldview disagreement and subjective epistemic obligations
Authors: Ooi, D 
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2022
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Citation: Ooi, D (2022-04-01). Worldview disagreement and subjective epistemic obligations. Synthese 200 (2). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In this paper, I provide an account of subjective epistemic obligations. In instances of peer disagreement, one possesses at least two types of obligations: objective epistemic obligations and subjective epistemic obligations. While objective epistemic obligations, such as conciliationism and remaining steadfast, have been much discussed in the literature, subjective epistemic obligations have received little attention. I develop an account of subjective epistemic obligations in the context of worldview disagreements. In recent literature, the notion of worldview disagreement has been receiving increasing attention (e.g., Lougheed 2020, Ranalli 2020, Lougheed 2021), and I discuss how understanding worldview disagreements through different classes of beliefs might clarify our understanding of subjective epistemic obligations. I first distinguish between three classes of beliefs, by virtue of their justificatory functions within worldviews: fundamental, crucial and incidental. I then discuss four kinds of worldview disagreements based on this account. Finally, I argue that each disagreement results in different subjective epistemic obligations for each disputant. I conclude by discussing some implications this analysis has for issues such as defeat, peerhood, and epistemic injustice.
Source Title: Synthese
ISSN: 00397857
DOI: 10.1007/s11229-022-03646-6
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