Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031632
Title: Strategies to Reduce Mental Illness Stigma: Perspectives of People with Lived Experience and Caregivers
Authors: Shahwan, Shazana
Goh, Chong Min Janrius
Tan, Gregory Tee Hng
Ong, Wei Jie
Chong, Siow Ann 
Subramaniam, Mythily 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Environmental Sciences
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
mental health
stigma
discrimination
contact
attitudes
behavior
anti-stigma
QUALITY-OF-LIFE
KEY INGREDIENTS
SELF-STIGMA
PARASOCIAL CONTACT
HEALTH
INTERVENTIONS
IMPACT
DISCRIMINATION
PROGRAMS
BARRIER
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Shahwan, Shazana, Goh, Chong Min Janrius, Tan, Gregory Tee Hng, Ong, Wei Jie, Chong, Siow Ann, Subramaniam, Mythily (2022-02-01). Strategies to Reduce Mental Illness Stigma: Perspectives of People with Lived Experience and Caregivers. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 19 (3). ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031632
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Reducing the stigma surrounding mental illness is a global public health priority. Traditionally, anti-stigma campaigns were led by mental health professionals/organisations and had an emphasis on increasing mental health literacy. More recently, it has been argued that people with lived experience have much to contribute in terms of extending and strengthening these efforts. The purpose of this paper was to elicit views and suggestions from people with lived experience (PWLE) as well as from informal caregivers of people with mental health conditions, on effective strategies to combat the stigma surrounding mental illness. METHODS: Six focus group discussions (FGDs) were carried out with PWLE recruited at outpatient services at the Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, and five FGDs were carried out with informal caregivers who responded to advertisements for the study between March and November 2018. In all, the sample comprised 42 PWLE and 31 caregivers. All the FGDs were transcribed verbatim and were analysed using thematic analysis. A pragmatic approach was adopted for the study, and the researchers did not assume any particular philosophical orientation. RESULTS: Four overarching themes depicting strategies to combat stigma were identified through thematic analysis. They were (1) raising mental health awareness, (2) social contact, (3) advocacy by influential figures or groups, and (4) the legislation of anti-discriminatory laws. CONCLUSIONS: These strategies were in line with approaches that have been used internationally to disrupt the process of stigma. Our study has further identified nuanced details on how these strategies can be carried out as well as possible areas of priority in the Singapore landscape.
Source Title: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/228202
ISSN: 16617827
16604601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19031632
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