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Title: Caregiver perceptions of sleep problems and desired areas of change in young children
Authors: Mindell, Jodi A
Collins, Meghan
Leichman, Erin S
Bartle, Alex
Kohyama, Jun
Sekartini, Rini
Veeravigrom, Montida
Kwon, Robert
Goh, Daniel YT 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurosciences & Neurology
Infant sleep
Toddler sleep
Bedtime routine
Sleep goals
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2022
Publisher: ELSEVIER
Citation: Mindell, Jodi A, Collins, Meghan, Leichman, Erin S, Bartle, Alex, Kohyama, Jun, Sekartini, Rini, Veeravigrom, Montida, Kwon, Robert, Goh, Daniel YT (2022-04-01). Caregiver perceptions of sleep problems and desired areas of change in young children. SLEEP MEDICINE 92 : 67-72. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective: To explore the prevalence of and relationship between caregiver-reported sleep problems and sleep-related desired areas of change in young children (0–36 months) in a multinational sample. Methods: Caregivers (96.5% mothers) of 2219 young children (birth to 3 years; M = 13.7 mos; 49.8% male) completed an online survey including an abbreviated Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire-Revised (BISQ-R) and questions about desired areas of change regarding their child's sleep. Data were collected in six countries (Indonesia, Japan, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, and United States). Results: Overall, 35% of caregivers reported a sleep problem and nearly all (96%) indicated a desired area of change, with 76% endorsing changes in 3 or more categories (bedtime/falling asleep, overnight, morning, and naps). Desiring a change in their child's sleep was universal across age group and country, with those perceiving a sleep problem more likely to endorse an area of change than those without a sleep problem. Overall, the top change categories were bedtime (80%), naps (74%), and overnight (67%). Top specific areas of change related to sleeping for longer stretches, waking up later in the morning, and having an earlier bedtime. Conclusions: Although one-third of caregivers perceived that their child had a sleep problem, nearly all caregivers identified desired areas of change related to their child's sleep, across the first three years of life and all countries. Sleep education, such as normalizing sleep challenges that are developmentally appropriate, is warranted for all families of young children, regardless of whether sleep problems are endorsed.
ISSN: 13899457
DOI: 10.1016/j.sleep.2022.02.021
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