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Title: Semi-quantitative metabarcoding reveals how climate shapes arthropod community assembly along elevation gradients on Hawaii Island
Authors: Lim, Jun Ying 
Patino, Jairo
Noriyuki, Suzuki
Cayetano, Luis
Gillespie, Rosemary G
Krehenwinkel, Henrik
Keywords: arthropod communities
beta diversity
elevational gradients
genetic differentiation
Issue Date: 23-Dec-2021
Publisher: WILEY
Citation: Lim, Jun Ying, Patino, Jairo, Noriyuki, Suzuki, Cayetano, Luis, Gillespie, Rosemary G, Krehenwinkel, Henrik (2021-12-23). Semi-quantitative metabarcoding reveals how climate shapes arthropod community assembly along elevation gradients on Hawaii Island. MOLECULAR ECOLOGY 31 (5) : 1416-1429. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Spatial variation in climatic conditions along elevation gradients provides an important backdrop by which communities assemble and diversify. Lowland habitats tend to be connected through time, whereas highlands can be continuously or periodically isolated, conditions that have been hypothesized to promote high levels of species endemism. This tendency is expected to be accentuated among taxa that show niche conservatism within a given climatic envelope. While species distribution modeling approaches have allowed extensive exploration of niche conservatism among target taxa, a broad understanding of the phenomenon requires sampling of entire communities. Species-rich groups such as arthropods are ideal case studies for understanding ecological and biodiversity dynamics along elevational gradients given their important functional role in many ecosystems, but community-level studies have been limited due to their tremendous diversity. Here, we develop a novel semi-quantitative metabarcoding approach that combines specimen counts and size-sorting to characterize arthropod community-level diversity patterns along elevational transects on two different volcanoes of the island of Hawai‘i. We found that arthropod communities between the two transects became increasingly distinct compositionally at higher elevations. Resistance surface approaches suggest that climatic differences between sampling localities are an important driver in shaping beta-diversity patterns, though the relative importance of climate varies across taxonomic groups. Nevertheless, the climatic niche position of OTUs between transects was highly correlated, suggesting that climatic filters shape the colonization between adjacent volcanoes. Taken together, our results highlight climatic niche conservatism as an important factor shaping ecological assembly along elevational gradients and suggest topographic complexity as an important driver of diversification.
ISSN: 0962-1083
DOI: 10.1111/mec.16323
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