Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.221.287300
Title: A systematic review of reflective writing in the pharmacy curriculum: Impact on patient-centred communication skills or cultural competence
Authors: Teo, Jia Min 
Koh, Leroy 
Zhen, Yap Kai 
Issue Date: 28-May-2022
Publisher: International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP)
Citation: Teo, Jia Min, Koh, Leroy, Zhen, Yap Kai (2022-05-28). A systematic review of reflective writing in the pharmacy curriculum: Impact on patient-centred communication skills or cultural competence. Pharmacy Education 22 (1) : 287-300. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.46542/pe.2022.221.287300
Abstract: Background: This review aims to identify and evaluate the impact of reflective writing in pharmacy curriculum on student’s patient-centred communication (PCC) skills or cultural competence. Methods: Electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Scopus, ERIC, CINAHL and PsychInfo were systematically searched without restricting study designs. Results: Six articles were included in this review. For PCC skills, reflective writing improves pharmacy students’ motivational interviewing and shared decision-making skills, in managing patients’ treatment plans. However, reflective writing only improves pharmacy students’ ability to build rapport but not to recognise and respond to their patients’ emotions, in reassuring their patients. Lastly, conflicting results are seen for its effects on cultural competence, due to differences in the measurement instruments and cultural academic assignments complementary to reflective writing. Conclusion: Reflective writing positively impacted pharmacy students’ PCC skills in managing treatment plans but had limited impact on reassurance. Furthermore, the impact of reflective writing on pharmacy students’ cultural competence is inconclusive.
Source Title: Pharmacy Education
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/227336
ISSN: 1560-2214
1477-2701
DOI: 10.46542/pe.2022.221.287300
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