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Title: Utilization rate and usage patterns of phakic and pseudophakic donor corneas recovered by the Singapore Eye Bank
Authors: Kyauk, Sai
Cajucom-Uy, Howard Y
Htoon, Hla Myint 
Aung, Z Zaw Htoi
Mehta, Jodhbir S 
Anshu, Arundhati 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
Issue Date: 2-Dec-2021
Citation: Kyauk, Sai, Cajucom-Uy, Howard Y, Htoon, Hla Myint, Aung, Z Zaw Htoi, Mehta, Jodhbir S, Anshu, Arundhati (2021-12-02). Utilization rate and usage patterns of phakic and pseudophakic donor corneas recovered by the Singapore Eye Bank. PLOS ONE 16 (12). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose To compare the utilization rate and usage patterns of pseudophakic and phakic donor corneas recovered by the Singapore Eye Bank. Methods Records of local donor corneas recovered by the Singapore Eye Bank from 2012 to 2017 were examined. Corneas that were deemed suitable for clinical use were stratified into phakic and pseudophakic groups. We examined the basic demographic pattern of both groups and the initial type of surgery/ies that the corneas were suitable for based on tissue parameters such as time from harvesting, stromal clarity, the clear central corneal area, the presence of Descemet’s membrane tears or defects, and endothelial cell density and quality. We also identified the types of corneal grafts that the corneas were eventually used for; Penetrating Keratoplasty (PK), Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (ALK), Endothelial Keratoplasty (EK). Finally, the overall utilization rates for each group were determined. Results A total of 986 corneas deemed suitable for transplant were analyzed, 908 (92%) were phakic and 78 were pseudophakic (8%). The average age of pseudophakic donor corneas was (65 ± 8 yrs. old) and there was a slight male preponderance for both groups (55%). Age adjusted analysis of pseudophakic corneas showed the endothelial cell density (ECD) (mean: 2327 ± 47.1 cells/mm2) and clear area (mean: 7.0 ± 0.7 mm) were lesser than phakic corneas. The percentage of pseudophakic corneas that were of EK standard (ECD >2500 cells/mm2) were lower compared to phakic corneas (37% and 77% respectively, p < 0.001). There was significant correlation between previous cataract surgery and the endothelial cell count of the donor corneas (p < 0.001), and regression analysis also showed a strong association of ECD with cataract surgery in reference to non-cataract surgery (-478.8 (95% CI-576.9 to -380.7). The overall utilization rate for pseudophakic corneas was 58% compared to that of phakic corneas at 83%. The most common reason for pseudophakic corneas not to be utilized was due to the presence of Descemet’s membrane (DM) tears or defects under the main or side port incision created during phacoemulsification (30%). Phakic corneas were used primarily for optical grafts 84% (mainly EK) while pseudophakic corneas were used mostly for therapeutic/tectonic grafts 47% (mainly ALK or patch grafts). Conclusion Compared to phakic donor corneas, pseudophakic corneas generally have lower overall tissue quality leading to lower uptake by surgeons and lower utilization rates. Eye banks must continuously refine their donor acceptance criteria and engage surgeons to optimize utilization of each recovered tissue.
Source Title: PLOS ONE
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0260523
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