Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1431927622000320
Title: Accurate and Robust Calibration of the Uniform Affine Transformation Between Scan-Camera Coordinates for Atom-Resolved In-Focus 4D-STEM Datasets
Authors: Ning, Shoucong 
Xu, Wenhui
Ma, Yinhang
Loh, Leyi
Pennycook, Timothy J
Zhou, Wu
Zhang, Fucai
Bosman, Michel 
Pennycook, Stephen J
He, Qian
Loh, N Duane 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Technology
Materials Science, Multidisciplinary
Microscopy
Materials Science
4D-STEM
atomic resolution
calibration
ptychography
PHASE-CONTRAST
2D MATERIALS
STEM
PTYCHOGRAPHY
OPTIMIZATION
Issue Date: 9-Mar-2022
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Citation: Ning, Shoucong, Xu, Wenhui, Ma, Yinhang, Loh, Leyi, Pennycook, Timothy J, Zhou, Wu, Zhang, Fucai, Bosman, Michel, Pennycook, Stephen J, He, Qian, Loh, N Duane (2022-03-09). Accurate and Robust Calibration of the Uniform Affine Transformation Between Scan-Camera Coordinates for Atom-Resolved In-Focus 4D-STEM Datasets. MICROSCOPY AND MICROANALYSIS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1431927622000320
Abstract: Accurate geometrical calibration between the scan coordinates and the camera coordinates is critical in four-dimensional scanning transmission electron microscopy (4D-STEM) for both quantitative imaging and ptychographic reconstructions. For atomic-resolved, in-focus 4D-STEM datasets, we propose a hybrid method incorporating two sub-routines, namely a J-matrix method and a Fourier method, which can calibrate the uniform affine transformation between the scan-camera coordinates using raw data, without a priori knowledge of the crystal structure of the specimen. The hybrid method is found robust against scan distortions and residual probe aberrations. It is also effective even when defects are present in the specimen, or the specimen becomes relatively thick. We will demonstrate that a successful geometrical calibration with the hybrid method will lead to a more reliable recovery of both the specimen and the electron probe in a ptychographic reconstruction. We will also show that, although the elimination of local scan position errors still requires an iterative approach, the rate of convergence can be improved, and the residual errors can be further reduced if the hybrid method can be firstly applied for initial calibration. The code is made available as a simple-to-use tool to correct affine transformations of the scan-camera coordinates in 4D-STEM experiments.
Source Title: MICROSCOPY AND MICROANALYSIS
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/224596
ISSN: 14319276
14358115
DOI: 10.1017/S1431927622000320
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