Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665119001526
Title: Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: insights from the GUSTO study
Authors: Chong, Mary Foong-Fong 
Godfrey, Keith M
Gluckman, Peter 
Tan, Kok Hian 
Shek, Lynette Pei-Chi 
Meaney, Michael
Chan, Jerry Kok Yen 
Yap, Fabian 
Lee, Yung Seng 
Chong, Yap-Seng 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Nutrition & Dietetics
Perinatal diet
Maternal health
Child health
PRETERM BIRTH
PREGNANCY
WEIGHT
WOMEN
ASSOCIATIONS
CONFINEMENT
ADIPOSITY
RISKS
PEAK
SIZE
Issue Date: 1-Aug-2020
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Citation: Chong, Mary Foong-Fong, Godfrey, Keith M, Gluckman, Peter, Tan, Kok Hian, Shek, Lynette Pei-Chi, Meaney, Michael, Chan, Jerry Kok Yen, Yap, Fabian, Lee, Yung Seng, Chong, Yap-Seng (2020-08-01). Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: insights from the GUSTO study. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY 79 (3) : 253-258. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0029665119001526
Abstract: Maternal and child health are intrinsically linked. With accumulating evidence over the past two decades supporting the developmental origins of health and diseases hypothesis, it is now widely recognised that nutrition in the first 1000 d sets the foundation for long-term health. Maternal diet before, during and after pregnancy can influence the developmental pathways of the fetus and lead to health consequences later in life. While maternal and infant mortality rates have declined significantly in the past two decades, the growing burden of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases in women of reproductive age and children is on a rapid rise worldwide, in developed and developing countries. A key contributory factor is malnutrition, which is a consequence of consuming poor quality diets. Suboptimal macronutrient balance and micronutrient inadequacies can lead to undesirable maternal body composition and metabolism, in turn influencing the health of the mother and leading to longer-term metabolic and cognitive health consequences in the infant. The GUSTO (Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes) study, a mother-offspring multi-ethnic cohort study in Singapore, has contributed to this body of evidence over the past 10 years. This review will illustrate how nutritional epidemiological research through a birth cohort has illuminated the importance and urgency of maternal and child nutrition and health in a modern, industrialised setting. It underscores the importance of a number of critical nutrients during pregnancy, in combination with healthy dietary patterns and appropriate meal timing, for optimal maternal and child health.
Source Title: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/216309
ISSN: 00296651
14752719
DOI: 10.1017/S0029665119001526
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