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Title: Corneal remodelling and topography following biological inlay implantation with combined crosslinking in a rabbit model
Authors: Damgaard, I.B.
Liu, Y.-C. 
Riau, A.K.
Teo, E.P.W.
Tey, M.L.
Nyein, C.L.
Mehta, J.S. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Damgaard, I.B., Liu, Y.-C., Riau, A.K., Teo, E.P.W., Tey, M.L., Nyein, C.L., Mehta, J.S. (2019). Corneal remodelling and topography following biological inlay implantation with combined crosslinking in a rabbit model. Scientific Reports 9 (1) : 4479. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Implantation of biological corneal inlays, derived from small incision lenticule extraction, may be a feasible method for surgical management of refractive and corneal diseases. However, the refractive outcome is dependent on stromal remodelling of both the inlay and recipient stroma. This study aimed to investigate the refractive changes and tissue responses following implantation of 2.5-mm biological inlays with or without corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in a rabbit model. Prior to implantation, rotational rheometry demonstrated an almost two-fold increase in corneal stiffness after CXL. After implantation, haze gradually subsided in the CXL-treated inlays (p = 0.001), whereas the untreated inlays preserved their clarity (p = 0.75). In-vivo confocal microscopy revealed reduced keratocyte cell count at the interface of the CXL inlays at week 8. Following initial steepening, regression was observed in anterior mean curvature from week 1 to 12, being most prominent for the non-CXL subgroups (non-CXL: ?12.3 ± 2.6D vs CXL: ?2.3 ± 4.4D at 90 ?m depth, p = 0.03; non-CXL: ?12.4 ± 8.0D vs CXL: ?5.0 ± 4.0D at 120 ?m depth, p = 0.22). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed comparable tissue responses in CXL and untreated subgroups. Our findings suggest that CXL of biological inlays may reduce the time before refractive stabilization, but longer postoperative steroid treatment is necessary in order to reduce postoperative haze. © 2019, The Author(s).
Source Title: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 20452322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-39617-0
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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