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Title: Large spin-orbit torque efficiency enhanced by magnetic structure of collinear antiferromagnet IrMn
Authors: Zhou, J. 
Wang, X.
Liu, Y.
Yu, J.
Fu, H.
Liu, L. 
Chen, S. 
Deng, J.
Lin, W. 
Shu, X.
Yoong, H.Y.
Hong, T.
Matsuda, M.
Yang, P. 
Adams, S. 
Yan, B.
Han, X.
Chen, J. 
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Zhou, J., Wang, X., Liu, Y., Yu, J., Fu, H., Liu, L., Chen, S., Deng, J., Lin, W., Shu, X., Yoong, H.Y., Hong, T., Matsuda, M., Yang, P., Adams, S., Yan, B., Han, X., Chen, J. (2019). Large spin-orbit torque efficiency enhanced by magnetic structure of collinear antiferromagnet IrMn. Science Advances 5 (5) : eaau6696. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Abstract: Spin-orbit torque (SOT) offers promising approaches to developing energy-efficient memory devices by electric switching of magnetization. Compared to other SOT materials, metallic antiferromagnet (AFM) potentially allows the control of SOT through its magnetic structure. Here, combining the results from neutron diffraction and spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance experiments, we show that the magnetic structure of epitaxially grown L10-IrMn (a collinear AFM) is distinct from the widely presumed bulk one. It consists of twin domains, with the spin axes orienting toward [111] and [-111], respectively. This unconventional magnetic structure is responsible for much larger SOT efficiencies up to 0.60 ± 0.04, compared to 0.083 ± 0.002 for the polycrystalline IrMn. Furthermore, we reveal that this magnetic structure induces a large isotropic bulk contribution and a comparable anisotropic interfacial contribution to the SOT efficiency. Our findings shed light on the critical roles of bulk and interfacial antiferromagnetism to SOT generated by metallic AFM. © 2019 The Authors.
Source Title: Science Advances
ISSN: 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau6696
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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