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Title: Proximity-dependent biotinylation screening identifies NbHYPK as a novel interacting partner of ATG8 in plants
Authors: MacHaria, M.W.
Tan, W.Y.Z.
Das, P.P. 
Naqvi, N.I. 
Wong, S.-M.
Keywords: ATG8
Protein-protein interaction
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: MacHaria, M.W., Tan, W.Y.Z., Das, P.P., Naqvi, N.I., Wong, S.-M. (2019). Proximity-dependent biotinylation screening identifies NbHYPK as a novel interacting partner of ATG8 in plants. BMC Plant Biology 19 (1) : 326. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Autophagy is a conserved, highly-regulated catabolic process that plays important roles in growth, development and innate immunity in plants. In this study, we compared the rate of autophagy induction in Nicotiana benthamiana plants infected with Tobacco mosaic virus or the TMV 24A + UPD mutant variant, which replicates at a faster rate and induces more severe symptoms. Using a BirAtag and proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) analysis, we identified host proteins that interact with the core autophagy protein, ATG8 in TMV 24A + UPD infected plants. By combining the use of a fast replicating TMV mutant and an in vivo protein-protein screening technique, we were able to gain functional insight into the role of autophagy in a compatible virus-host interaction. Results: Our study revealed an increased autophagic flux induced by TMV 24A + UPD, as compared to TMV in N. benthamiana. Analysis of the functional proteome associated with ATG8 revealed a total of 67 proteins, 16 of which are known to interact with ATG8 or its orthologs in mammalian and yeast systems. The interacting proteins were categorized into four functional groups: Immune system process, response to ROS, sulphur amino acid metabolism and calcium signalling. Due to the presence of an ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain, which is demonstrated to interact with ATG8, the Huntingtin-interacting protein K-like (HYPK) was selected for validation of the physical interaction and function. We used yeast two hybrid (Y2H), bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and subcellular localization to validate the ATG8-HYPK interaction. Subsequent down-regulation of ATG8 by virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) showed enhanced TMV symptoms, suggesting a protective role for autophagy during TMV 24A + UPD infection. Conclusion: This study presents the use of BioID as a suitable method for screening ATG8 interacting proteins in planta. We have identified many putative binding partners of ATG8 during TMV 24A + UPD infection in N. benthamiana plants. In addition, we have verified that NbHYPK is an interacting partner of ATG8. We infer that autophagy plays a protective role in TMV 24A + UPD infected plants. © 2019 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Plant Biology
ISSN: 14712229
DOI: 10.1186/s12870-019-1930-8
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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