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Title: Comparative genomic analysis of members of the genera methanosphaera and methanobrevibacter reveals distinct clades with specific potential metabolic functions
Authors: Poehlein, A.
Schneider, D.
Soh, M.
Daniel, R.
Seedorf, H. 
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Hindawi Limited
Citation: Poehlein, A., Schneider, D., Soh, M., Daniel, R., Seedorf, H. (2018). Comparative genomic analysis of members of the genera methanosphaera and methanobrevibacter reveals distinct clades with specific potential metabolic functions. Archaea 2018 : 7609847. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Methanobrevibacter and Methanosphaera species represent some of the most prevalent methanogenic archaea in the gastrointestinal tract of animals and humans and play an important role in this environment. The aim of this study was to identify genomic features that are shared or specific for members of each genus with a special emphasis of the analysis on the assimilation of nitrogen and acetate and the utilization of methanol and ethanol for methanogenesis. Here, draft genome sequences of Methanobrevibacter thaueri strain DSM 11995 T , Methanobrevibacter woesei strain DSM 11979 T , and Methanosphaera cuniculi strain 4103 T are reported and compared to those of 16 other Methanobrevibacter and Methanosphaera genomes, including genomes of the 13 currently available types of strains of the two genera. The comparative genome analyses indicate that among other genes, the absence of molybdopterin cofactor biosynthesis is conserved in Methanosphaera species but reveals also that the three species share a core set of more than 300 genes that distinguishes the genus Methanosphaera from the genus Methanobrevibacter. Multilocus sequence analysis shows that the genus Methanobrevibacter can be subdivided into clades, potentially new genera, which may display characteristic specific metabolic features. These features include not only the potential ability of nitrogen fixation and acetate assimilation in a clade comprised of Methanobrevibacter species from the termite gut and Methanobrevibacter arboriphilus strains but also the potential capability to utilize ethanol and methanol in a clade comprising Methanobrevibacter wolinii strain DSM 11976 T , Mbb. sp. AbM4, and Mbb. boviskoreani strain DSM 25824 T . © 2018 Anja Poehlein et al.
Source Title: Archaea
ISSN: 1472-3646
DOI: 10.1155/2018/7609847
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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