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Title: Impact of land cover types on riverine CO2 outgassing in the Yellow River source region
Authors: Tian, M.
Yang, X.
Ran, L.
Su, Y.
Li, L.
Yu, R.
Hu, H.
Lu, X.X. 
Keywords: CO2 outgassing
Yellow River source region (YRSR)
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Tian, M., Yang, X., Ran, L., Su, Y., Li, L., Yu, R., Hu, H., Lu, X.X. (2019). Impact of land cover types on riverine CO2 outgassing in the Yellow River source region. Water (Switzerland) 11 (11) : 2243. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Under the context of climate change, studying CO2 emissions in alpine rivers is important because of the large carbon storage in these terrestrial ecosystems. In this study, riverine partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and CO2 emission flux (FCO2) in the Yellow River source region (YRSR) under different landcover types, including glaciers, permafrost, peatlands, and grasslands, were systematically investigated in April, June, August, and October 2016. Relevant chemical and environmental parameters were analyzed to explore the primary controlling factors. The results showed that most of the rivers in the YRSR were net CO2 source, with the pCO2 ranging from 181 to 2441 ?atm and the FCO2 ranging from -50 to 1574 mmol m-2 d-1. Both pCO2 and FCO2 showed strong spatial and temporal variations. The highest average FCO2 was observed in August, while the lowest average was observed in June. Spatially, the lowest FCO2 were observed in the permafrost regions while the highest FCO2 were observed in peatland. By integrating seasonal changes of the water surface area, total CO2 efflux was estimated to be 0.30 Tg C year-1. This indicates that the YRSR was a net carbon source for the atmosphere, which contradicts previous studies that conclude the YRSR as a carbon sink. More frequent measurements of CO2 fluxes, particularly through several diel cycles, are necessary to confirm this conclusion. Furthermore, our study suggested that the riverine dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in permafrost (5.0 ± 2.4 mg L-1) is possibly derived from old carbon released from permafrost melting, which is equivalent to that in peatland regions (5.1 ± 3.7 mg L-1). The degradation of DOC may have played an important role in supporting riverine CO2, especially in permafrost and glacier-covered regions. The percent coverage of corresponding land cover types is a good indicator for estimating riverine pCO2 in the YRSR. In view of the extensive distribution of alpine rivers in the world and their sensitivity to climate change, future studies on dynamics of stream water pCO2 and CO2 outgassing are strongly needed to better understand the global carbon cycle. © 2019 by the authors.
Source Title: Water (Switzerland)
ISSN: 2073-4441
DOI: 10.3390/w11112243
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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