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Title: Experimental study of the behavior of a lumpy fill of soft clay
Authors: Robinson, RG 
Tan, TS
Dasari, GR 
Leung, CF 
Vijayakumar, A
Keywords: Clays
Land reclamation
Shear strength
Soil consolidation
Soil swelling
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2005
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Citation: Robinson, RG, Tan, TS, Dasari, GR, Leung, CF, Vijayakumar, A (2005-01-01). Experimental study of the behavior of a lumpy fill of soft clay. International Journal of Geomechanics 5 (2) : 125-137. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Land reclamation is a major civil engineering activity in Singapore. Due to depletion of suitable local fills and the cost of imported land, dredged and excavated clay fills, in spite of their poor engineering properties, are being evaluated as a fill material. To reduce double handling, it is desirable for the clay to be used directly in a lump form, instead of the more conventional slurry fill. While the performance of a slurry fill is relatively well understood, the behavior of lumpy fill is not. This paper reports the results of a laboratory study carried out on lumpy fill made of cubical clay lumps of size ranging from 12.5 to 50 mm. The study showed that the interlump voids are substantially closed at a consolidation pressure much lower than the preconsolidation pressure of the lumps. The study also shows that at a consolidation pressure of about 100 kPa, the permeability of a lumpy fill is reduced to an order similar to that for homogeneous clay. However, the shear strength profile obtained using the cone penetration test indicates that the fill is still highly heterogeneous under a pressure of 100 kPa. When the preconsolidation pressure of the lumps is exceeded, the strength profile becomes uniform. The degree of swelling of the lumps plays a significant role. For fully swollen lumps, the consolidation pressure required to close the interlump voids is considerably less than that if the lumps were not allowed to swell. The coefficient of secondary compression of the lumpy fill is comparable to the homogeneous clay indicating that secondary compression is not a serious issue. © ASCE.
Source Title: International Journal of Geomechanics
ISSN: 15323641
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1532-3641(2005)5:2(125)
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