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Title: Kinematic analysis of drag anchor installation trajectory considering both shallow and deep anchor behavior of horizontal fluke
Authors: Wu, X 
Chow, YK 
Leung, CF 
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2020
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Wu, X, Chow, YK, Leung, CF (2020-07-01). Kinematic analysis of drag anchor installation trajectory considering both shallow and deep anchor behavior of horizontal fluke. Applied Ocean Research 100 : 102157-102157. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Drag anchor has been widely used for offshore mooring system. Prediction of the invisible anchor trajectory during the drag-in installation is still challenging but important for determination of anchor capacity in anchor design and guiding the field installation. Kinematic analysis based on yield envelope method provided an alternative method for anchor trajectory prediction. However, the existing analysis process is based on the assumption that the anchor fluke behaves as a deeply embedded fluke with deep localized failure during the whole installation while the practical shallow behavior is ignored. The current study aims to investigate the effect of shallow anchor behavior of a horizontal fluke on the predicted trajectory of drag anchor. It is found that the approximation of anchor shallow behavior using shallow yield envelopes from horizontal fluke introduces very slight impact on the anchor installation behavior for assumption of smooth interface regardless of the soil profile. While the degree of impact from shallow behavior for cases with rough interface is dependent on the used capacity factor for chain and shank force calculation. The influence of the soil profile is not consistent for analyses based on rough interface using different values of capacity factor. For a given drag length in the affected range, the prediction using only the deep yield envelope does predict deeper embedment depth.
Source Title: Applied Ocean Research
ISSN: 01411187
DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2020.102157
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