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Title: Development and validation of a simple screening tool for caregiver grief in dementia caregiving
Authors: Liew, T.M. 
Tai, B.C. 
Yap, P.
Koh, G.C.-H. 
Keywords: Caregiver grief
Marwit-Meuser caregiver grief inventory
Screening tool
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Liew, T.M., Tai, B.C., Yap, P., Koh, G.C.-H. (2019). Development and validation of a simple screening tool for caregiver grief in dementia caregiving. BMC Geriatrics 19 (1) : 54. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Loss and grief are experienced by caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD), relating to the ambiguous loss of PWD even when they are still alive and the anticipation of future loss related to their physical death. Such experience of caregiver grief is not easily recognized in clinical practice, despite its association with adverse effects such as caregiver burden, caregiver depression and caregivers' desire to place the PWD in nursing homes. We constructed a simple screening tool - based on factors associated with caregiver grief - to identify caregivers with high grief. Methods: Spouses or children of community-dwelling PWD (n = 403) completed self-administered questionnaires containing a well-established grief scale and information related to the caregiver and PWD. We split the study sample into two - the derivation sample (n = 300) was used to identify factors associated with grief (using logistic regression) and derive a simple tool based on the number of identified factors; the validation sample (n = 103) evaluated the performance of the tool using the receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-analysis (ROC). Results: Four key factors were identified by the multivariable regression - more severe dementia (odds ratio, OR 6.9), behavioral problems in PWD (OR 5.0), spousal caregivers (OR 6.0) and daily caregiving (OR 3.0). The screening tool (based on the number of key factors) had an area under ROC of 0.77. At the optimal cut-off of ?2 key factors, the tool had a sensitivity of 0.91 and a specificity of 0.42. Conclusions: The identified factors are consistent with current understanding on caregiver grief. They can be easily integrated into the workflow of routine services to screen for caregivers who are more likely to benefit from further grief-related assessment. © 2019 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Geriatrics
ISSN: 1471-2318
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-019-1070-x
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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