Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Association Between Nitrate-Reducing Oral Bacteria and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: Results From ORIGINS
Authors: Goh, C.E. 
Trinh, P.
Colombo, P.C.
Genkinger, J.M.
Mathema, B.
Uhlemann, A.-C.
LeDuc, C.
Leibel, R.
Rosenbaum, M.
Paster, B.J.
Desvarieux, M.
Papapanou, P.N.
Jacobs, D.R.
Demmer, R.T.
Keywords: epidemiology
high blood pressure
insulin resistance
oral microbiome
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Heart Association Inc.
Citation: Goh, C.E., Trinh, P., Colombo, P.C., Genkinger, J.M., Mathema, B., Uhlemann, A.-C., LeDuc, C., Leibel, R., Rosenbaum, M., Paster, B.J., Desvarieux, M., Papapanou, P.N., Jacobs, D.R., Demmer, R.T. (2019). Association Between Nitrate-Reducing Oral Bacteria and Cardiometabolic Outcomes: Results From ORIGINS. Journal of the American Heart Association 8 (23) : e013324. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: The enterosalivary nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway is an alternative pathway of nitric oxide generation, potentially linking the oral microbiome to insulin resistance and blood pressure (BP). We hypothesized that increased abundance of nitrate-reducing oral bacteria would be associated with lower levels of cardiometabolic risk cross-sectionally. Methods and Results: ORIGINS (Oral Infections, Glucose Intolerance, and Insulin Resistance Study) enrolled 300 diabetes mellitus–free adults aged 20 to 55 years (mean=34±10 years) (78% women). Microbial DNA was extracted from subgingival dental plaque (n=281) and V3–V4 regions of the 16S rRNA gene were sequenced to measure the relative abundances of 20 a priori–selected taxa with nitrate-reducing capacity. Standardized scores of each taxon's relative abundance were summed, producing a nitrate-reducing taxa summary score (NO3TSS) for each participant. Natural log-transformed homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, plasma glucose, systolic BP, and diastolic BP were regressed on NO3TSS in multivariable linear regressions; prediabetes mellitus and hypertension prevalence were regressed on NO3TSS using modified Poisson regression models. Nitrate-reducing bacterial species represented 20±16% of all measured taxa. After multivariable adjustment, a 1-SD increase in NO3TSS, was associated with a ?0.09 (95% CI, ?0.15 to ?0.03) and ?1.03 mg/dL (95% CI, ?1.903 to ?0.16) lower natural log-transformed homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance and plasma glucose, respectively. NO3TSS was associated with systolic BP only among patients without hypertension; 1-SD increase in NO3TSS was associated with ?1.53 (95% CI, ?2.82 to ?0.24) mm Hg lower mean systolic BP. No associations were observed with prediabetes mellitus and hypertension. Conclusions: A higher relative abundance of oral nitrate-reducing bacteria was associated with lower insulin resistance and plasma glucose in the full cohort and with mean systolic BP in participants with normotension. © 2019 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.
Source Title: Journal of the American Heart Association
ISSN: 2047-9980
DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.119.013324
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
10_1161_JAHA_119_013324.pdf665.97 kBAdobe PDF



Google ScholarTM



This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons