Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/208640
Title: Objective measures of physical performance associated with depression and/or anxiety in midlife Singaporean women
Authors: Ganasarajah, Shamini 
Poromaa, Inger Sundstrom 
Thu, Win Pa Pa 
Kramer, Michael S 
Logan, Susan 
Cauley, Jane A
Yong, Eu-Leong 
Keywords: Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Anxiety
Depression
Handgrip strength
Midlife women
SPPB
LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATIONS
MENOPAUSAL TRANSITION
HANDGRIP STRENGTH
MAJOR DEPRESSION
COHORT PROFILE
SYMPTOMS
PREVALENCE
HEALTH
DISORDERS
ONSET
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2019
Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS
Citation: Ganasarajah, Shamini, Poromaa, Inger Sundstrom, Thu, Win Pa Pa, Kramer, Michael S, Logan, Susan, Cauley, Jane A, Yong, Eu-Leong (2019-09-01). Objective measures of physical performance associated with depression and/or anxiety in midlife Singaporean women. MENOPAUSE-THE JOURNAL OF THE NORTH AMERICAN MENOPAUSE SOCIETY 26 (9) : 1045-1051. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives:The aim of this study was to identify correlates of depression and anxiety in midlife Asian women, with a special focus on the potential role of objectively measured physical performance.Methods:Sociodemographic characteristics, reproductive health, menopause status, medical history, lifestyle choices, physical activity, and physical performance of healthy women aged 45 to 69 attending routine gynecologic care were collected. Depressive symptoms were assessed utilizing the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression Scale (CES-D) and anxiety symptoms by the General Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7). Upper body physical performance was assessed by handgrip strength, and lower body physical performance was assessed by the Short Physical Performance Battery. Chi-square tests and multivariable models were used to assess the crude and adjusted associations, respectively, between the studied risk factors and depression and/or anxiety. The main outcome measures were elevated depressive symptoms ≥16 on the CES-D, and/or elevated anxiety symptoms >10 on the GAD-7 score.Results:Of 1,159 women (mean age 56.3±6.2), 181 (15.9%) were identified as having depressive and/or anxiety symptoms. Weak upper body (handgrip strength) and poor lower body strength (longer duration to complete the repeated chair stand test) were associated with elevated depressive and/or anxiety symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.68; 95% CI, 1.18-2.40) and (aOR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.09-1.63), respectively.Conclusions:Weak upper and lower body physical performances were associated with depressive and anxiety symptoms in midlife Singaporean women. Future trials are required to determine whether strengthening exercises that improve physical performance could help reduce depressive and anxiety symptoms in midlife women.
Source Title: MENOPAUSE-THE JOURNAL OF THE NORTH AMERICAN MENOPAUSE SOCIETY
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/208640
ISSN: 10723714
15300374
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications
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