Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2020.04.001
Title: Comparison of the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians and the fracture risk assessment tool - FRAX to identify densitometric defined osteoporosis: A discriminatory value analysis in a multi-ethnic female population in Southeast Asia.
Authors: Chandran, Manju 
Chin, Yun Ann 
Choo, Kuan Swen
Ang, Wan Chen
Huang, Xiao Feng
Liu, Xiao Ming
Tay, Donovan 
Aung, Tin Kyaw Kyaw
Ali, Amin
Thu, Win Pa Pa 
Logan, Susan 
Yan, Sean Xuexian
Lekamwasam, Sarath
Hao, Ying 
Keywords: Asia
Assessment threshold
FRAX
OSTA
Osteoporosis
Screening
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Chandran, Manju, Chin, Yun Ann, Choo, Kuan Swen, Ang, Wan Chen, Huang, Xiao Feng, Liu, Xiao Ming, Tay, Donovan, Aung, Tin Kyaw Kyaw, Ali, Amin, Thu, Win Pa Pa, Logan, Susan, Yan, Sean Xuexian, Lekamwasam, Sarath, Hao, Ying (2020-06). Comparison of the Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians and the fracture risk assessment tool - FRAX to identify densitometric defined osteoporosis: A discriminatory value analysis in a multi-ethnic female population in Southeast Asia.. Osteoporos Sarcopenia 6 (2) : 53-58. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afos.2020.04.001
Abstract: Objectives: The accuracy of FRAX® as a screening tool to identify osteoporosis and how it compares with tools such as Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool for Asians (OSTA), in Southeast Asian women has so far been unexplored. We aimed to determine the FRAX® thresholds that accurately identify densitometric osteoporosis and to compare its performance with that of OSTA for this purpose. Methods: Singaporean postmenopausal women (n = 1056) were evaluated. FRAX® Major Osteoporotic Fracture Probability (MOFP), Hip Fracture Probability (HFP) scores, and OSTA indices were calculated. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and via the Youden index, the optimal cut-off points of balanced sensitivity and specificity for dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-defined osteoporosis were identified and the performance characteristics were compared. Results: A FRAX® MOFP threshold of ≥3.7% had sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of 0.78 (0.73-0.83), 0.63 (0.59-0.66), 0.4 (0.36-0.44), and 0.9 (0.87-0.92), respectively in identifying osteoporosis. The corresponding values for a HFP threshold of ≥0.6% were 0.85 (0.80-0.89), 0.58 (0.55-0.62), 0.39 (0.35-0.43), and 0.92 (0.9-0.94) and that for an OSTA index cut-off of ≤ -1.2 were 0.76 (0.70-0.81), 0.74 (0.71-0.77), 0.48 (0.43-0.54), and 0.91 (0.88-0.93). The area under the ROC curves were 82.8% (79.9%-85.6%), 77.6% (74.2%-81%), and 79.6% (76.5%-82.8%) for OSTA, MOFP, and HFP thresholds respectively. Conclusions: FRAX® and OSTA perform comparably in identifying osteoporosis in our population. OSTA has only 2 parameters and may be simpler to use. However, FRAX® may also have a role in primary screening to identify the postmenopausal woman to be referred for DXA scanning and may help facilitate fracture risk reduction discussions with the patient.
Source Title: Osteoporos Sarcopenia
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/208637
ISSN: 24055255
24055263
DOI: 10.1016/j.afos.2020.04.001
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