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Title: Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests
Authors: Rozendaal, D.M.A.
Bongers, F.
Aide, T.M.
Alvarez-Dávila, E.
Ascarrunz, N.
Balvanera, P.
Becknell, J.M.
Bentos, T.V.
Brancalion, P.H.S.
Cabral, G.A.L.
Calvo-Rodriguez, S.
Chave, J.
César, R.G.
Chazdon, R.L.
Condit, R.
Dallinga, J.S.
De Almeida-Cortez, J.S.
De Jong, B.
De Oliveira, A.
Denslow, J.S.
Dent, D.H.
DeWalt, S.J.
Dupuy, J.M.
Durán, S.M.
Dutrieux, L.P.
Espírito-Santo, M.M.
Fandino, M.C.
Fernandes, G.W.
Finegan, B.
García, H.
Gonzalez, N.
Moser, V.G.
Hall, J.S.
Hernández-Stefanoni, J.L.
Hubbell, S.
Jakovac, C.C.
Hernández, A.J.
Junqueira, A.B.
Kennard, D.
Larpin, D.
Letcher, S.G.
Licona, J.-C.
Lebrija-Trejos, E.
Marín-Spiotta, E.
Martínez-Ramos, M.
Massoca, P.E.S.
Meave, J.A.
Mesquita, R.C.G.
Mora, F.
Müller, S.C.
Muñoz, R.
De Oliveira Neto, S.N.
Norden, N.
Nunes, Y.R.F.
Ochoa-Gaona, S.
Ortiz-Malavassi, E.
Ostertag, R.
Peña-Claros, M.
Pérez-García, E.A.
Piotto, D.
Powers, J.S.
Aguilar-Cano, J.
Rodriguez-Buritica, S.
Rodríguez-Velázquez, J.
Romero-Romero, M.A.
Ruíz, J.
Sanchez-Azofeifa, A.
De Almeida, A.S.
Silver, W.L.
Schwartz, N.B.
Thomas, W.W.
Toledo, M.
Uriarte, M.
De Sá Sampaio, E.V.
Van Breugel, M. 
Van Der Wal, H.
Martins, S.V.
Veloso, M.D.M.
Vester, H.F.M.
Vicentini, A.
Vieira, I.C.G.
Villa, P.
Williamson, G.B.
Zanini, K.J.
Zimmerman, J.
Poorter, L.
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Rozendaal, D.M.A., Bongers, F., Aide, T.M., Alvarez-Dávila, E., Ascarrunz, N., Balvanera, P., Becknell, J.M., Bentos, T.V., Brancalion, P.H.S., Cabral, G.A.L., Calvo-Rodriguez, S., Chave, J., César, R.G., Chazdon, R.L., Condit, R., Dallinga, J.S., De Almeida-Cortez, J.S., De Jong, B., De Oliveira, A., Denslow, J.S., Dent, D.H., DeWalt, S.J., Dupuy, J.M., Durán, S.M., Dutrieux, L.P., Espírito-Santo, M.M., Fandino, M.C., Fernandes, G.W., Finegan, B., García, H., Gonzalez, N., Moser, V.G., Hall, J.S., Hernández-Stefanoni, J.L., Hubbell, S., Jakovac, C.C., Hernández, A.J., Junqueira, A.B., Kennard, D., Larpin, D., Letcher, S.G., Licona, J.-C., Lebrija-Trejos, E., Marín-Spiotta, E., Martínez-Ramos, M., Massoca, P.E.S., Meave, J.A., Mesquita, R.C.G., Mora, F., Müller, S.C., Muñoz, R., De Oliveira Neto, S.N., Norden, N., Nunes, Y.R.F., Ochoa-Gaona, S., Ortiz-Malavassi, E., Ostertag, R., Peña-Claros, M., Pérez-García, E.A., Piotto, D., Powers, J.S., Aguilar-Cano, J., Rodriguez-Buritica, S., Rodríguez-Velázquez, J., Romero-Romero, M.A., Ruíz, J., Sanchez-Azofeifa, A., De Almeida, A.S., Silver, W.L., Schwartz, N.B., Thomas, W.W., Toledo, M., Uriarte, M., De Sá Sampaio, E.V., Van Breugel, M., Van Der Wal, H., Martins, S.V., Veloso, M.D.M., Vester, H.F.M., Vicentini, A., Vieira, I.C.G., Villa, P., Williamson, G.B., Zanini, K.J., Zimmerman, J., Poorter, L. (2019). Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests. Science Advances 5 (3) : eaau3114. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Abstract: Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturbance in an unprecedented multisite analysis for the Neotropics. Secondary forests recover remarkably fast in species richness but slowly in species composition. Secondary forests take a median time of five decades to recover the species richness of old-growth forest (80% recovery after 20 years) based on rarefaction analysis. Full recovery of species composition takes centuries (only 34% recovery after 20 years). A dual strategy that maintains both old-growth forests and species-rich secondary forests is therefore crucial for biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes. Copyright © 2019 The Authors, some rights reserved.
Source Title: Science Advances
ISSN: 2375-2548
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau3114
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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