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Title: Ascorbate and Iron Are Required for the Specification and Long-Term Self-Renewal of Human Skeletal Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Authors: Liu, T.M.
Yildirim, E.D.
Li, P.
Fang, H.T.
Denslin, V. 
Kumar, V.
Loh, Y.H.
Lee, E.H. 
Cool, S.M.
The, B.T.
Hui, J.H. 
Lim, B.
Shyh-Chang, N. 
Keywords: cartilage
gene expression profile
human pluripotent stem cells
mesenchymal stem cells
Issue Date: 11-Feb-2020
Publisher: Cell Press
Citation: Liu, T.M., Yildirim, E.D., Li, P., Fang, H.T., Denslin, V., Kumar, V., Loh, Y.H., Lee, E.H., Cool, S.M., The, B.T., Hui, J.H., Lim, B., Shyh-Chang, N. (2020-02-11). Ascorbate and Iron Are Required for the Specification and Long-Term Self-Renewal of Human Skeletal Mesenchymal Stromal Cells. Stem Cell Reports 14 (2) : 210-225. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Abstract: The effects of ascorbate on adult cell fate specification remain largely unknown. Using our stepwise and chemically defined system to derive lateral mesoderm progenitors from human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs), we found that ascorbate increased the expression of mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) markers, purity of MSCs, the long-term self-renewal and osteochondrogenic capacity of hPSC-MSCs in vitro. Moreover, ascorbate promoted MSC specification in an iron-dependent fashion, but not in a redox-dependent manner. Further studies revealed that iron synergized with ascorbate to regulate hPSC-MSC histone methylation, promote their long-term self-renewal, and increase their osteochondrogenic capacity. We found that one of the histone demethylases affected by ascorbate, KDM4B, was necessary to promote the specification of hPSC-MSCs. This mechanistic understanding led to the metabolic optimization of hPSC-MSCs with an extended lifespan in vitro and the ability to fully repair cartilage defects upon transplantation in vivo. Our results highlight the importance of ascorbate and iron metabolism in adult human cell fate specification. In this article, Liu and colleagues show a stepwise protocol for generating human skeletal MSCs from hPSCs via primitive streak and mesoderm. They show that ascorbate promotes the specification of hPSC-MSCs through ascorbate/ion-dependent dioxygenase. They report ascorbate promotes chondrogenesis of hPSC-MSCs which can fully repair cartilage defects. © 2020 The Authors
Source Title: Stem Cell Reports
ISSN: 22136711
DOI: 10.1016/j.stemcr.2020.01.002
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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