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Title: Barriers to gestational diabetes management and preferred interventions for women with gestational diabetes in singapore: mixed methods study
Authors: Hewage, S. 
Audimulam, J. 
Sullivan, E. 
Chi, C. 
Yew, T.W. 
Yoong, J. 
Keywords: Gestational diabetes
Mobile phone
Patient-centered care
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: JMIR Publications
Citation: Hewage, S., Audimulam, J., Sullivan, E., Chi, C., Yew, T.W., Yoong, J. (2020). Barriers to gestational diabetes management and preferred interventions for women with gestational diabetes in singapore: mixed methods study. JMIR Formative Research 4 (6) : e14486. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with risks for both the mother and child. The escalated prevalence of GDM because of obesity and changes in screening criteria demands for greater health care needs than before. Objective: This study aimed to understand the perception of patients and health care providers of the barriers to GDM management and preferred interventions to manage GDM in an Asian setting. Methods: This mixed methods study used a convergent parallel design. Survey data were collected from 216 women with GDM, and semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 women and with 8 health care providers treating patients with GDM. Participants were recruited from 2 specialized GDM clinics at the National University Hospital, Singapore. Results: The patients were predominantly Chinese (102/214, 47.6%), employed (201/272, 73.9%), with higher education (150/216, 69.4%) and prenatal attendance at a private clinic (138/214, 64.2%), already on diet control (210/214, 98.1%), and receiving support and information from the GDM clinic (194/215, 90.2%) and web-based sources (131/215, 60.9%). In particular, working women reported barriers to GDM management, including the lack of reminders for blood glucose monitoring, diet control, and insufficient time for exercise. Most women preferred getting such support directly from health care providers, whether at the GDM clinic (174/215, 80.9%) or elsewhere (116/215, 53.9%). Smartphone apps were the preferred means of additional intervention. Desirable intervention features identified by patients included more information on GDM, diet and exercise options, reminders for blood glucose testing, a platform to record blood glucose readings and illustrate or understand trends, and a means to communicate with care providers. Conclusions: A GDM-focused smartphone app that is able to integrate testing, education, and communication may be a feasible and acceptable intervention to provide support to women with GDM, particularly for working women. ㏒umali Hewage, Jananie Audimulam, Emily Sullivan, Claudia Chi, Tong Wei Yew, Joanne Yoong.
Source Title: JMIR Formative Research
ISSN: 2561326X
DOI: 10.2196/14486
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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