Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062133
Title: Refill adherence measures and its association with economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes among pediatric patients: A systematic review
Authors: Chua, B.
Morgan, J.
Yap, K.Z. 
Keywords: Adherence measures
Children
Clinical outcome
Economic outcome
Humanistic outcome
Medication possession ratio
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Chua, B., Morgan, J., Yap, K.Z. (2020). Refill adherence measures and its association with economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes among pediatric patients: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17 (6) : 2133. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17062133
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Although refill adherence measures (RAMs) are widely reviewed on their use among adult patients, existing reviews on adherence among children have only focused on self-report measures and electronic monitoring. Hence, this systematic review aims to examine the use of RAMs and their association with economic, clinical, and humanistic outcomes (ECHO) among pediatric patients. A literature search was conducted in Pubmed, Embase, CINAHL, and PsycINFO. Studies published in English involving subjects aged ?18 years were included if RAMs were analyzed with ECHO. Of the 35 included studies, the majority (n = 33) were conducted in high-income countries. Asthma was the most common condition (n = 9) studied. Overall, 60.6% of 33 clinical outcomes reported among 22 studies was positive (improved clinical outcomes with improved adherence), while 21.9% of 32 economic outcomes reported among 16 studies was positive (reduced healthcare utilization or cost outcomes with improved adherence). Only four studies evaluated the relationship of adherence with 11 humanistic outcomes, where the majority (72.7%) were considered unclear. RAMs are associated with ECHO and can be considered for use in the pediatric population. Future studies could explore the use of RAMs in low-income countries, and the association of RAMs with quality of life. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/196764
ISSN: 16617827
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17062133
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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