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Title: Bridging the intergenerational gap: The outcomes of a student-initiated, longitudinal, inter-professional, inter-generational home visit program
Authors: Ng, K.Y.Y.
Leung, G.Y.C.
Tey, A.J.-Y.
Chaung, J.Q.
Lee, S.M.
Soundararajan, A.
Yow, K.S.
Ngiam, N.H.W.
Lau, T.C. 
Wong, S.F.
Wong, C.H. 
Koh, G.C.-H. 
Keywords: Ageism
Community medicine
Intergeneration interactions
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Ng, K.Y.Y., Leung, G.Y.C., Tey, A.J.-Y., Chaung, J.Q., Lee, S.M., Soundararajan, A., Yow, K.S., Ngiam, N.H.W., Lau, T.C., Wong, S.F., Wong, C.H., Koh, G.C.-H. (2020). Bridging the intergenerational gap: The outcomes of a student-initiated, longitudinal, inter-professional, inter-generational home visit program. BMC Medical Education 20 (1) : 148. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: Older persons consume disproportionately more healthcare resources than younger persons. Tri-Generational HomeCare (TriGen), a service-learning program, aims to reduce hospital admission rates amongst older patients with frequent admissions. The authors evaluated the educational and patient outcomes of TriGen. Methods: Teams consisting of healthcare undergraduates and secondary school (SS) students - performed fortnightly home visits to patients over 6 months. Self-administered scales were used to evaluate the educational outcomes in knowledge and attitudes towards the older people and nine domains of soft skills pre- and post-intervention. Patients' reported satisfaction and clinical outcomes were also assessed. Results: Two hundred twenty-six healthcare undergraduates and 359 SS students participated in the program from 2015 to 2018. Response rates were 80.1 and 62.4% respectively. One hundred six patients participated in TriGen. There was a significant increase in Kogan's Attitudes towards Old People Scale (KOP) scores for healthcare undergraduates and SS students with a mean increase of 12.8 (95%CI: 9.5-16.2, p < 0.001) and 8.3 (95%CI: 6.2-10.3, p < 0.001) respectively. There was a significant increase in Palmore Facts on Aging Quiz (PFAQ) score for SS students but not for healthcare undergraduates. Most volunteers reported that TriGen was beneficial across all nine domains assessed. There was also a significant decrease in hospital admission rates (p = 0.006) and emergency department visits (p = 0.004) during the 6-month period before and after the program. Fifty-one patients answered the patient feedback survey. Of this, more than 80% reported feeling less lonely and happier. Conclusion: TriGen, a student-initiated, longitudinal, inter-generational service-learning program consisting of SS students and healthcare undergraduates can reduce ageism, develop soft skills, inculcate values amongst SS students and healthcare undergraduates. In addition, TriGen potentially reduces hospital admissions and emergency department visits, and loneliness amongst frequently admitted older patients. © 2020 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Medical Education
ISSN: 14726920
DOI: 10.1186/s12909-020-02064-x
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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