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Title: Epigenetic regulation of the hippocampus, with special reference to radiation exposure
Authors: Saw, G.
Tang, F.R. 
Keywords: DNA methylation
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: MDPI AG
Citation: Saw, G., Tang, F.R. (2020). Epigenetic regulation of the hippocampus, with special reference to radiation exposure. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21 (24) : 1-27. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The hippocampus is crucial in learning, memory and emotion processing, and is involved in the development of different neurological and neuropsychological disorders. Several epigenetic factors, including DNA methylation, histone modifications and non-coding RNAs, have been shown to regulate the development and function of the hippocampus, and the alteration of epigenetic regulation may play important roles in the development of neurocognitive and neurodegenerative diseases. This review summarizes the epigenetic modifications of various cell types and processes within the hippocampus and their resulting effects on cognition, memory and overall hippocampal function. In addition, the effects of exposure to radiation that may induce a myriad of epigenetic changes in the hippocampus are reviewed. By assessing and evaluating the current literature, we hope to prompt a more thorough understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie radiation-induced epigenetic changes, an area which can be further explored. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
ISSN: 1661-6596
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21249514
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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