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Title: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and association with grip strength in older adults: Findings from the hope study
Authors: Merchant, R.A.
Chan, Y.H. 
Lim, J.Y. 
Emorley, J.
Keywords: Handgrip strength
Metabolic syndrome
Older adults
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Dove Medical Press Ltd.
Citation: Merchant, R.A., Chan, Y.H., Lim, J.Y., Emorley, J. (2020). Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and association with grip strength in older adults: Findings from the hope study. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy 13 : 2677-2686. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in older adults and assess the association of MetS and adverse outcomes with handgrip strength (HGS), HGS/ body weight (BWT), and HGS/body mass index (BMI). Methods: A cross-sectional population study in Singapore. Data were collected on demographics, HGS, Timed-Up and Go (TUG), fasting glucose, lipid profile, blood pressure, waist circumference, frailty status, and cognition in 722 older adults ?65 years old. MetS was defined using the Modified ATP III for Asians where at least three of the following conditions must be fulfilled, central obesity, high blood glucose (or diagnosed diabetes mellitus), high blood pressure (or diagnosed hypertension), low high-density lipoprotein, and high triglycerides. The waist circumference in the Modified ATP III for Asians is ?90 cm for males or ?80 cm for females. HGS and HGS normalized by BWT or BMI were used for the association. Results: The prevalence of MetS in older adults was 41.0%, and those ?85 years old 50.0%. The prevalence was higher in females ?70 years old, with 8 in 10 females ?85 years having MetS. After adjusting for age, years of education, physical exercise, as well as history of smoking and alcohol consumption, higher HGS normalized by BWT or BMI was significantly associated with lower odds of having MetS (OR: 0.51,95% CI 0.43–0.61, p<0.01) and (OR: 0.13, 95% CI 0.07–0.24, p<0.01). Conclusion: Almost 1 in 2 older adults had MetS, with the prevalence in females much higher than that in males over 70 years old. Our findings suggest that both HGS/BWT and HGS/BMI had a significant negative association with MetS, its components, and adverse effects. Further studies are needed to validate the association and to determine optimal cutoffs of HGS/BWT and HGS/BMI for MetS, and the effectiveness of interventions in averting the risk. © 2020 Merchant et al.
Source Title: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
ISSN: 1178-7007
DOI: 10.2147/DMSO.S260544
Rights: Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International
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