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Title: Impact of sugar-sweetened beverage tax on dental caries: A simulation analysis
Authors: Urwannachotima, N.
Hanvoravongchai, P.
Ansah, J.P.
Prasertsom, P.
Koh, V.R.Y. 
Keywords: Computer simulation
Dental caries
Dental public health
Sugar consumption
Sugar-sweetened beverage tax
System dynamics model
System science
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Urwannachotima, N., Hanvoravongchai, P., Ansah, J.P., Prasertsom, P., Koh, V.R.Y. (2020). Impact of sugar-sweetened beverage tax on dental caries: A simulation analysis. BMC Oral Health 20 (1) : 76. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Background: The tiered sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax was implemented in Thailand to encourage industries to reduce sugar content in beverages, and consequently reduce sugar consumption in the population. The aim of the study is to explore the expected impact of the new SSB tax policy in Thailand, a middle-income country in Asia, and other alternative policies on oral health outcomes as measured by the prevalence and severity of dental caries among the Thai population. Methods: A qualitative system dynamics model that captures the complex interrelationships among SSB tax, sugar consumption and dental caries, was elicited through participatory stakeholder engagement. Based on the qualitative model, a quantitative system dynamics model was developed to simulate the SSB tax policy and other alternative scenarios in order to evaluate their impact on dental caries among Thai adults from 2010 to 2040. Results: Under the base-case scenario, the dental caries prevalence among the Thai population 15 years and older, is projected to increase from 61.3% in 2010 to 74.9% by 2040. Implementation of SSB tax policy is expected to decrease the prevalence of dental caries by only 1% by 2040, whereas the aggressive policy is projected to decrease prevalence of dental caries by 21% by 2040. Conclusions: In countries where a majority of the sugar consumed is from non-tax sugary food and beverages, especially Asian countries where street food culture is ubiquitous and contributes disproportionately to sugar intake, SSB tax alone is unlikely to have meaningful impact on oral health unless it is accompanied with a comprehensive public health policy that aims to reduce total sugar intake from non-SSB sources. © 2020 The Author(s).
Source Title: BMC Oral Health
ISSN: 1472-6831
DOI: 10.1186/s12903-020-1061-5
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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