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Title: Kikuchi disease in Asian children
Authors: Chen, CK 
Low, Y 
Akhilesh, M 
Jacobsen, AS 
Keywords: Adolescent
Diagnosis, Differential
Fever of Unknown Origin
Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis
Lymph Nodes
Medical Records
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2006
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Chen, CK, Low, Y, Akhilesh, M, Jacobsen, AS (2006-03-01). Kikuchi disease in Asian children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 42 (3) : 104-107. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives: Kikuchi disease is a benign, self-limiting condition of unknown aetiology, often manifesting as cervical lymphadenopathy and fever. The disease usually manifests itself in adulthood and paediatric reports are uncommon. The aims of this study are to report the features of Kikuchi disease in the local paediatric population, and to raise the awareness of this entity among clinicians involved in treating these children. Methods: This is a retrospective series of nine paediatric cases of Kikuchi disease treated in KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. The clinical presentation, subsequent clinical course and laboratory findings of these patients were reviewed. Results: The patients ranged in age from 7 to 16 years, and included six males and three females. All nine patients presented with fever and cervical lymphadenopathy. Hepatosplenomegaly was present in one child. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was raised to variable extents, but there was no other significant haematological, serological or microbiological abnormality. In all cases the diagnosis was made on the basis of histological findings. Conclusions: Kikuchi disease in the paediatric population is not as uncommon as previously thought, and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any child with fever of unknown origin or cervical lymphadenopathy. Early recognition will minimize unnecessary investigations and prolonged empirical treatments. © Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
Source Title: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
ISSN: 10344810
DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2006.00806.x
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