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Title: Plasma glycemic measures and fecundability in a Singapore preconception cohort study
Authors: Loy SL 
Ku CW 
Choo XH
Cheung YB
Godfrey KM
Chong YS 
Gluckman PD 
Shek LP 
Tan KH 
Chan SY 
Chan JKY 
Keywords: Diabetes
time to pregnancy
Issue Date: 15-Oct-2020
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Citation: Loy SL, Ku CW, Lai AEQ, Choo XH, Ho AHM, Cheung YB, Godfrey KM, Chong YS, Gluckman PD, Shek LP, Tan KH, Yap FKP, Chan SY, Chan JKY (2020-10-15). Plasma glycemic measures and fecundability in a Singapore preconception cohort study. Fertility and Sterility 115 (1) : 138 - 147. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objective: To examine the association between plasma glycemia in women attempting to conceive and fecundability, as measured by time to pregnancy. Design: Prospective preconception population-based study. Setting: Hospital. Patient(s): Asian preconception women, 18–45 years old, attempting conception for ≤12 cycles at study entry. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): We ascertained time to pregnancy within a year of glycemic assessment in menstrual cycles. We estimated fecundability ratios (FRs) and 95% confidence intervals using discrete-time proportional hazards models, adjusting for age, ethnicity, education, body mass index, and cycle regularity and accounting for left truncation and right censoring. Result(s): We studied a population sample of 766 women from the Singapore Preconception Study of Long-Term Maternal and Child Outcomes prospective cohort. Compared with women with normoglycemia, women with dysglycemia (prediabetes and diabetes, defined by the American Diabetes Association) had a lower FR (0.56). Compared with the respective lowest quintiles, women in the highest quintile of fasting glucose (≥5.1 mmol/L) had an FR of 0.60, while women in the highest 2-hour postload glucose quintile (≥6.9 mmol/L) had an FR of 0.66. Overall, the FRs decreased generally across the range of fasting and 2-hour plasma glucose. Glycated hemoglobin was not associated with fecundability. Conclusion(s): Increasing preconception plasma glucose is associated with reduced fecundability, even within the normal range of glucose concentrations. Clinical Trial Registration Number: NCT03531658. © 2020 American Society for Reproductive Medicine
Source Title: Fertility and Sterility
ISSN: 00150282
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