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Title: Uveitis and gender: The course of uveitis in pregnancy
Authors: Chiam, N.P.Y
Lim, L.L.P 
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Chiam, N.P.Y, Lim, L.L.P (2014). Uveitis and gender: The course of uveitis in pregnancy. Journal of Ophthalmology 2014 : 401915. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: The hormonal and immunological changes in pregnancy have a key role in maintaining maternal tolerance of the semiallogeneic foetus. These pregnancy-associated changes may also influence the course of maternal autoimmune diseases. Noninfectious uveitis tends to improve during pregnancy. Specifically, uveitis activity tends to ameliorate from the second trimester onwards, with the third trimester being associated with the lowest disease activity. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is likely to be multifactorial and complex. Possible mechanisms include Th1/Th2 immunomodulation, regulatory T-cell phenotype plasticity, and immunosuppressive cytokines. This clearly has management implications for patients with chronic sight threatening disease requiring systemic treatment, as most medications are not recommended during pregnancy due to lack of safety data or proven teratogenicity. Given that uveitis activity is expected to decrease in pregnancy, systemic immunosuppressants could be tapered during pregnancy in these patients, with flare-ups being managed with local corticosteroids till delivery. In the postpartum period, as uveitis activity is expected to rebound, patients should be reviewed closely and systemic medications recommenced, depending on uveitis activity and the patient's breastfeeding status. This review highlights the current understanding of the course of uveitis in pregnancy and its management to help guide clinicians in managing their uveitis patients during this special time in life. © 2014 Nathalie P. Y. Chiam and Lyndell L. P. Lim.
Source Title: Journal of Ophthalmology
ISSN: 2090004X
DOI: 10.1155/2014/401915
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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