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Title: Intensely oscillating cavitation bubble in microfluidics
Authors: Ohl, S.-W 
Tandiono, Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis North, Singapore, 138632, Singapore
Klaseboer, E
Dave, O
Choo, A 
Claus-Dieter, O
Keywords: Boundary element method
Escherichia coli
Numerical methods
Phase interfaces
Sailing vessels
Surface tension
Cavitation bubble
Cell stretching
Collapsing bubble
Gas-water interface
Human red blood cell
Microfluidics channels
Oscillating bubbles
Ultrasonic cavitation
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Ohl, S.-W, Tandiono, Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis North, Singapore, 138632, Singapore, Klaseboer, E, Dave, O, Choo, A, Claus-Dieter, O (2015). Intensely oscillating cavitation bubble in microfluidics. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 656 (1) : 12005. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: This study reports the technical breakthrough in generating intense ultrasonic cavitation in the confinement of a microfluidics channel [1], and applications that has been developed on this platform for the past few years [2,3,4,5]. Our system consists of circular disc transducers (10-20 mm in diameter), the microfluidics channels on PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane), and a driving circuitry. The cavitation bubbles are created at the gas- water interface due to strong capillary waves which are generated when the system is driven at its natural frequency (around 100 kHz) [1]. These bubbles oscillate and collapse within the channel. The bubbles are useful for sonochemistry and the generation of sonoluminescence [2]. When we add bacteria (Escherichia coli), and yeast cells (Pichia pastoris) into the microfluidics channels, the oscillating and collapsing bubbles stretch and lyse these cells [3]. Furthermore, the system is effective (DNA of the harvested intracellular content remains largely intact), and efficient (yield reaches saturation in less than 1 second). In another application, human red blood cells are added to a microchamber. Cell stretching and rapture are observed when a laser generated cavitation bubble expands and collapses next to the cell [4]. A numerical model of a liquid pocket surrounded by a membrane with surface tension which was placed next to an oscillating bubble was developed using the Boundary Element Method. The simulation results showed that the stretching of the liquid pocket occurs only when the surface tension is within a certain range.
Source Title: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
ISSN: 17426588
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/656/1/012005
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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