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Title: Caregiving and its resulting effects—The care study to evaluate the effects of caregiving on caregivers of patients with advanced cancer in Singapore
Authors: Chua, C.K.T
Wu, J.T
Yeewong, Y
Qu, L
Tan, Y.Y
Neo, P.S.H 
Pang, G.S
Keywords: adult
advanced cancer
cancer patient
caregiver burden
decision making
depression assessment
economic aspect
emotional stress
employment status
informal caregiver
mental health
patient care
physical stress
quality of life
social welfare
work capacity
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: Chua, C.K.T, Wu, J.T, Yeewong, Y, Qu, L, Tan, Y.Y, Neo, P.S.H, Pang, G.S (2016). Caregiving and its resulting effects—The care study to evaluate the effects of caregiving on caregivers of patients with advanced cancer in Singapore. Cancers 8 (11) : 105. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Informal caregivers (IC) are key to enabling home deaths, where preferred, at the end-of-life. Significant morbidity from advanced cancer can make caregiving burdensome. However, knowledge about the nature of the caregiving burden for caregivers in Singapore is limited. Hence, the key objective in this study was to examine the impact of the caregiving burden on quality of life (QOL), mental health and work capacity among local ICs. Eligible English-speaking ICs of hospitalized advanced cancer patients were recruited through non-random sampling. The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), Caregiver Quality of Life Index—Cancer (CQOLC), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale—Revised (CESD-R), and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Questionnaire (WPAI) were interviewer-administered to eligible ICs. Altogether, 16 ICs were surveyed. The mean age of ICs was 43.8 years. Most were children of patients (43.8%), and eight ICs had high burden (ZBI > 17). Those with ZBI > 17 had lower QOL, higher depression scores as well as greater work and activity impairment. In conclusion, high caregiver burden has adverse effects on QOL, mental health and work productivity. Non-physical elements of caregiving (particularly financial and decision-making) and increased number of care roles undertaken by a single IC contribute to high burden. Future interventions for caregiving burden in Singapore should also address the financial and decision-making aspects of caregiving. Outsourcing selected aspects of the caregiving role to community services may reduce the number of caregiving aspects undertaken by a single IC and caregiver burden. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Source Title: Cancers
ISSN: 20726694
DOI: 10.3390/cancers8110105
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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