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Title: SILAR-Deposited CuS Electrocatalyst for High Power Polysulfide-based Aqueous Flow Battery
Authors: Gao, Mengqi
Huang, Songpeng 
Zhang, Feifei 
Lee, Yann Mei 
Huang, Shiqiang
Wang, Qing 
Keywords: Aqueous Flow Battery
SILAR deposition
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Citation: Gao, Mengqi, Huang, Songpeng, Zhang, Feifei, Lee, Yann Mei, Huang, Shiqiang, Wang, Qing (2020-09). SILAR-Deposited CuS Electrocatalyst for High Power Polysulfide-based Aqueous Flow Battery. Materials Today Energy : 100540-100540. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With the widespread exploitations of renewable energy sources, electrochemical energy storage (EES) systems which could store electric energy in large quantity and buffer the impact of intermittently generated electricity from wind and solar, become increasingly important for the resilience and quality of power grids. Among various EES systems, redox flow batteries (RFBs) offer greater promise for reliable and durable grid-scale storage of electricity owing to their salient feature of decoupled energy storage and power generation. However, the deployments of RFBs are severely impeded by the high materials and system costs. Polysulfide has been studied as a low-cost, highly soluble and robust anodic redox species for RFBs, while it suffers from sluggish reaction kinetics. Here we report a feasible successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method to graft CuS electrocatalyst on the graphite felt electrode, which substantially promotes the redox reaction of polysulfide. With [Fe(CN)6]4-/3- as catholyte and polysulfide as anolyte, a redox flow battery with a power density of 116 mW cm-2 at 220 mA cm-2 and an energy efficiency of 77.7% at 50 mA cm-2 has been attained, markedly superior to the reported ones. With the considerably improved performance, the polysulfide-[Fe(CN)6]4-/3- flow battery has been demonstrated to be a cost-effective solution for large-scale energy storage.
Source Title: Materials Today Energy
ISSN: 24686069
DOI: 10.1016/j.mtener.2020.100540
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