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Title: Fractal diffusers as noise barrier top-edge devices
Authors: Priyadarshinee, P.
Lim, K.M. 
Lee, H.P. 
Keywords: Acoustic noise measurement
Architectural acoustics
Noise pollution
Numerical methods
Diffusion properties
Frequency band width
Noise attenuation
Noise barriers
Quadratic residue diffusers
Room acoustics
Shadow zone
Transition zones
Acoustic noise
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Citation: Priyadarshinee, P., Lim, K.M., Lee, H.P. (2018). Fractal diffusers as noise barrier top-edge devices. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1075 (1) : 12032. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: With every passing decade, the issue of noise pollution has worsened in urban areas and the usefulness of noise barriers have increased. To improve the effectiveness of noise barriers in limited frequency bandwidth, a few researchers have reported that quadratic residue diffusers as noise barrier top-profiles have shown promising noise attenuation, albeit in their narrow frequency bandwidth. It has been reported for room acoustics that the frequency bandwidth of quadratic residue diffusers may significantly be extended by a nested or fractal design. Therefore, the aim of this work is to investigate the potential of fractal acoustic diffusers for noise barrier application. Upon conducting a numerical analysis of 1-D fractal diffuser as noise barrier top-profile using finite element method, it is observed that fractal diffusers outperformed T-barriers in both the shadow zone and the transition zone. Hence, fractal acoustic diffusers are promising candidates for our application as these have good diffusion properties in the integrated frequency bandwidth. If properly designed, the fractal diffuser top-edge device can be used to enhance noise attenuation over extended frequency bandwidth. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
ISSN: 17426588
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1075/1/012032
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