Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01727-2020
Title: Epidemic and pandemic viral infections: impact on tuberculosis and the lung. A consensus by the World Association for Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders (WAidid), Global Tuberculosis Network (GTN) and members# of ESCMID Study Group for Mycobacterial Infections (ESGMYC)
Authors: Min Ong, Catherine Wei 
Migliori, Giovanni Battista
Raviglione, Mario
MacGregor-Skinner, Gavin
Sotgiu, Giovanni
Alffenaar, Jan-Willem
Tiberi, Simon
Adlhoch, Cornelia
Alonzi, Tonino
Archuleta, Sophia 
Brusin, Sergio
Cambau, Emmanuelle
Capobianchi, Maria Rosaria
Castilletti, Concetta
Centis, Rosella
Cirillo, Daniela M
D'Ambrosio, Lia
Delogu, Giovanni
Esposito, Susanna MR
Figueroa, Jose
Friedland, Jon S
Choon Heng, Benjamin Ho
Ippolito, Giuseppe
Jankovic, Mateja
Kim, Hannah Yejin
Klintz, Senia Rosales
Ködmön, Csaba
Lalle, Eleonora
Leo, Yee Sin 
Leung, Chi-Chiu
Märtson, Anne-Grete
Melazzini, Mario
Najafi Fard, Saeid
Penttinen, Pasi
Petrone, Linda
Petruccioli, Elisa
Pontali, Emanuele
Saderi, Laura
Santin, Miguel
Spanevello, Antonio
van Crevel, Reinout
van der Werf, Marieke J
Visca, Dina
Viveiros, Miguel
Zellweger, Jean Pierre
Zumla, Alimuddin
Goletti, Delia
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: European Respiratory Society (ERS)
Citation: Min Ong, Catherine Wei, Migliori, Giovanni Battista, Raviglione, Mario, MacGregor-Skinner, Gavin, Sotgiu, Giovanni, Alffenaar, Jan-Willem, Tiberi, Simon, Adlhoch, Cornelia, Alonzi, Tonino, Archuleta, Sophia, Brusin, Sergio, Cambau, Emmanuelle, Capobianchi, Maria Rosaria, Castilletti, Concetta, Centis, Rosella, Cirillo, Daniela M, D'Ambrosio, Lia, Delogu, Giovanni, Esposito, Susanna MR, Figueroa, Jose, Friedland, Jon S, Choon Heng, Benjamin Ho, Ippolito, Giuseppe, Jankovic, Mateja, Kim, Hannah Yejin, Klintz, Senia Rosales, Ködmön, Csaba, Lalle, Eleonora, Leo, Yee Sin, Leung, Chi-Chiu, Märtson, Anne-Grete, Melazzini, Mario, Najafi Fard, Saeid, Penttinen, Pasi, Petrone, Linda, Petruccioli, Elisa, Pontali, Emanuele, Saderi, Laura, Santin, Miguel, Spanevello, Antonio, van Crevel, Reinout, van der Werf, Marieke J, Visca, Dina, Viveiros, Miguel, Zellweger, Jean Pierre, Zumla, Alimuddin, Goletti, Delia (2020). Epidemic and pandemic viral infections: impact on tuberculosis and the lung. A consensus by the World Association for Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders (WAidid), Global Tuberculosis Network (GTN) and members# of ESCMID Study Group for Mycobacterial Infections (ESGMYC). European Respiratory Journal : 2001727-2001727. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01727-2020
Abstract: Major epidemics including some that qualify as pandemics, such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Middle-Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Human Immunodeficiency Virus, pandemic H1N1/09 and most recently COVID-19 affect the lung. Tuberculosis (TB) remains the top infectious disease killer but apart from the TB-HIV syndemic, little is known regarding the interaction of viral epidemics and pandemics with TB. The aim of this consensus-based document is to describe the effects of the viral infections resulting in epidemics and pandemics that affect the lung (MERS, SARS, HIV, influenza A (H1N1)pdm/09 and COVID-19) and their interactions with TB. A search of the scientific literature was performed. A writing committee of international experts including the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Public Health Emergency (ECDC PHE) team, the World Association for Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders (WAidid), the Global Tuberculosis Network (GTN) and members of ESCMID Study Group for Mycobacterial Infections (ESGMYC) was established. Consensus was achieved after multiple rounds of revisions between the writing committee and a larger expert group. A Delphi process involving the core group of authors, excluding the ECDC PHE team identified the areas requiring review/consensus, followed by a second round to refine the definitive consensus elements. The epidemiology, immunology of these viral infections and their interactions with TB are discussed with implications on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of airborne infections (infection control, viral containment and workplace safety). This consensus document represents a rapid and comprehensive summary on what is known on the topic.
Source Title: European Respiratory Journal
URI: https://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/170761
ISSN: 0903-1936
1399-3003
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01727-2020
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