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Title: Decreasing the Hydroxylation Affinity of La1-xSrxMnO3 Perovskites To Promote Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysis
Authors: Stoerzinger, Kelsey A.
Hong, Wesley T.
Wang, Xiao Renshaw
Rao, Reshma R.
Subramanyam, Srinivas Bengaluru
Li, Changjian 
Venkatesan, T. 
Liu, Qiang
Crumlin, Ethan J.
Varanasi, Kripa
Shao-Horn, Yang
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2017
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Stoerzinger, Kelsey A., Hong, Wesley T., Wang, Xiao Renshaw, Rao, Reshma R., Subramanyam, Srinivas Bengaluru, Li, Changjian, Ariando, Venkatesan, T., Liu, Qiang, Crumlin, Ethan J., Varanasi, Kripa, Shao-Horn, Yang (2017-11-08). Decreasing the Hydroxylation Affinity of La1-xSrxMnO3 Perovskites To Promote Oxygen Reduction Electrocatalysis. CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS 29 (23) : 9990 - 9997. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Understanding the interaction between oxides and water is critical for designing many of their functionalities, including the electrocatalysis of molecular oxygen reduction. In this study, we probed the hydroxylation of model (001)-oriented La1-xSrxMnO3 (LSMO) perovskite surfaces, where the electronic structure and manganese valence were controlled by five substitution levels of lanthanum with strontium, using ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in a humid environment. The degree of hydroxyl formation on the oxide surface correlated with the proximity of the valence band center relative to the Fermi level. LSMO perovskites with a valence band center closer to the Fermi level were more reactive toward water, forming more hydroxyl species at a given relative humidity. More hydroxyl species correlate with greater electron-donating character to the surface free energy in wetting and reduce the activity to catalyze oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) kinetics in a basic solution. New strategies for designing more active catalysts should include design of electronically conducting oxides with lower valence band centers relative to the Fermi level at ORR-relevant potentials. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
ISSN: 08974756
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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