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Title: Socio-demographic and maternal predictors of adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines in Singaporean children
Authors: Chen B
Bernard JY
Padmapriya N 
Yao J 
Goh C
Tan KH 
Yap F 
Chong YS 
Shek L 
Godfrey KM
Chan SY 
Eriksson JG 
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2019
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.
Citation: Chen B, Bernard JY, Padmapriya N, Yao J, Goh C, Tan KH, Yap F, Chong YS, Shek L, Godfrey KM, Chan SY, Eriksson JG, MUELLER-RIEMENSCHNEIDER FALK (2019-08-22). Socio-demographic and maternal predictors of adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines in Singaporean children. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 16 (1). ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose: Integrated 24-Hour Movement Guidelines provide specific recommendations on screen viewing (SV), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep to improve health of children and youth. However, few studies have examined whether these guidelines are met in young children, particularly in Asia. We evaluated adherence to integrated and individual guidelines and its predictors in 5.5-year-old Singaporean children. Methods: Growing Up in Singapore towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) is a mother-offspring birth cohort study. At age 5.5 years, child SV was reported by parents. Movement behaviours (MBs) were measured continuously using wrist-worn accelerometers over 7 consecutive days and nights. For accelerometer data including ≥3 days with ≥16 h/day we estimated mean (±SD) daily MVPA, SV and nighttime sleep duration across the week. Adherence to integrated (Canadian/Australian) guidelines was defined as meeting all individual guidelines: ≥60 min of MVPA/day, ≤2 h of screen time/day, and 9-11 h of sleep/night. Socio-demographic and maternal predictors collected at pregnancy enrolment and at 26-28 weeks' gestation were examined by multivariable logistic regression. Results: Of 864 children followed up age 5.5 years, 547 (63.3%) had both valid ActiGraph and questionnaire data (51.7% boys and 58.3% Chinese ethnicity). Children averaged 101.9 (± 88.7) min/day SV, 67.3 (± 23.7) min/day MVPA and 480.6 (± 57.2) min/night sleep. Few children met integrated guidelines. Specifically, the proportions of children who met none, SV, MVPA, sleep and integrated guidelines were 11.2, 70.2, 59.6, 13.7 and 5.5%, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that maternal activity and television (TV) viewing were associated with meeting integrated guidelines (insufficiently vs. highly active (OR [95% CI]): 0.11 [0.01, 0.95]; 2-3 vs. ≥ 3 h TV: 3.52 [1.02, 12.22]). Examining higher adherence to individual guidelines, Chinese ethnicity, younger maternal age and lower maternal TV and sleep time were associated with greater SV; male sex, Malay ethnicity, higher birth order and higher maternal activity level were associated with greater MVPA; and older maternal age was associated with adherence to sleep guideline. Conclusions: Beyond individual behaviours, consideration of the full spectrum of MBs may be important to improve children's health. However, few Singaporean children adhere to integrated 24-h movement guidelines. Maternal behaviours as early as during pregnancy could be important targets for future interventions aiming to promote these MBs in children.
Source Title: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
ISSN: 14795868
DOI: 10.1186/s12966-019-0834-1
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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