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Title: QuantItative analysis of cone photoreceptor distribution and its relationship with axial length, age, and early age-related macular degeneration
Authors: Obata R.
Yanagi Y. 
Keywords: adult
Axial length
cone packing density
disease association
disease classification
disease severity
fundus camera
major clinical study
quantitative analysis
retina cone
retina fovea
retina image
retina macula age related degeneration
spectral domain optical coherence tomography
visual system parameters
Aged, 80 and over
Fundus Oculi
Macular Degeneration
Middle Aged
Molecular Imaging
Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Obata R., Yanagi Y. (2014). QuantItative analysis of cone photoreceptor distribution and its relationship with axial length, age, and early age-related macular degeneration. PLoS ONE 9 (3) : e91873. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
Abstract: Purpose: It has not been clarified whether early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is associated with cone photoreceptor distribution. We used adaptive optics fundus camera to examine cone photoreceptors in the macular area of aged patients and quantitatively analyzed its relationship between the presence of early AMD and cone distribution. Methods: Sixty cases aged 50 or older were studied. The eyes were examined with funduscopy and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography to exclude the eyes with any abnormalities at two sites of measurement, 2° superior and 5° temporal to the fovea. High-resolution retinal images with cone photoreceptor mosaic were obtained with adaptive optics fundus camera (rtx1, Imagine Eyes, France). After adjusting for axial length, cone packing density was calculated and the relationship with age, axial length, or severity of early AMD based on the age-related eye disease study (AREDS) classification was analyzed. Results: Patient's age ranged from 50 to 77, and axial length from 21.7 to 27.5 mm. Mean density in metric units and that in angular units were 24,900 cells/mm2, 2,170 cells/deg 2 at 2° superior, and 18,500 cells/mm2, 1,570 cels/deg2 at 5° temporal, respectively. Axial length was significantly correlated with the density calculated in metric units, but not with that in angular units. Age was significantly correlated with the density both in metric and angular units at 2° superior. There was no significant difference in the density in metric and angular units between the eyes with AREDS category one and those with categories two or three. Conclusion: Axial length and age were significantly correlated with parafoveal cone photoreceptor distribution. The results do not support that early AMD might influence cone photoreceptor density in the area without drusen or pigment abnormalities. © 2014 Obata, Yanagi.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091873
Rights: Attribution 4.0 International
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