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|Title:||Transgenic Mice Overexpressing the Divalent Metal Transporter 1 Exhibit Iron Accumulation and Enhanced Parkin Expression in the Brain||Authors:||Zhang C.-W.
|Issue Date:||2017||Publisher:||Humana Press Inc.||Citation:||Zhang C.-W., Tai Y.K., Chai B.-H., Chew K.C.M., Ang E.-T., Tsang F., Tan B.W.Q., Hong E.T.E., Asad A.B.A., Chuang K.-H., Lim K.-L., Soong T.W. (2017). Transgenic Mice Overexpressing the Divalent Metal Transporter 1 Exhibit Iron Accumulation and Enhanced Parkin Expression in the Brain. NeuroMol. Med. 19 (2-3) : 375-386. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12017-017-8451-0||Abstract:||Exposure to divalent metals such as iron and manganese is thought to increase the risk for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Under normal circumstances, cellular iron and manganese uptake is regulated by the divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1). Accordingly, alterations in DMT1 levels may underlie the abnormal accumulation of metal ions and thereby disease pathogenesis. Here, we have generated transgenic mice overexpressing DMT1 under the direction of a mouse prion promoter and demonstrated its robust expression in several regions of the brain. When fed with iron-supplemented diet, DMT1-expressing mice exhibit rather selective accumulation of iron in the substantia nigra, which is the principal region affected in human PD cases, but otherwise appear normal. Alongside this, the expression of Parkin is also enhanced, likely as a neuroprotective response, which may explain the lack of phenotype in these mice. When DMT1 is overexpressed against a Parkin null background, the double-mutant mice similarly resisted a disease phenotype even when fed with iron- or manganese-supplemented diet. However, these mice exhibit greater vulnerability toward 6-hydroxydopamine-induced neurotoxicity. Taken together, our results suggest that iron accumulation alone is not sufficient to cause neurodegeneration and that multiple hits are required to promote PD. © 2017, The Author(s).||Source Title:||NeuroMol. Med.||URI:||http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/150085||ISSN:||15351084||DOI:||10.1007/s12017-017-8451-0|
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