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Title: Easy-to-learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation training programme: A randomised controlled trial on laypeople’s resuscitation performance
Authors: Ko R.J.M.
Lim S.H.
Wu V.X. 
Leong T.Y.
Liaw S.Y. 
Keywords: Bystander CPR
Cardiac arrest
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Chest compression
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Singapore Medical Association
Citation: Ko R.J.M., Lim S.H., Wu V.X., Leong T.Y., Liaw S.Y. (2018). Easy-to-learn cardiopulmonary resuscitation training programme: A randomised controlled trial on laypeople’s resuscitation performance. Singapore Medical Journal 59 (4) : 217-223. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION Simplifying the learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is advocated to improve skill acquisition and retention. A simplified CPR training programme focusing on continuous chest compression, with a simple landmark tracing technique, was introduced to laypeople. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the simplified CPR training in improving lay rescuers� CPR performance as compared to standard CPR. METHODS A total of 85 laypeople (aged 21-60 years) were recruited and randomly assigned to undertake either a two-hour simplified or standard CPR training session. They were tested two months after the training on a simulated cardiac arrest scenario. Participants� performance on the sequence of CPR steps was observed and evaluated using a validated CPR algorithm checklist. The quality of chest compression and ventilation was assessed from the recording manikins. RESULTS The simplified CPR group performed significantly better on the CPR algorithm when compared to the standard CPR group (p < 0.01). No significant difference was found between the groups in time taken to initiate CPR. However, a significantly higher number of compressions and proportion of adequate compressions was demonstrated by the simplified group than the standard group (p < 0.01). Hands-off time was significantly shorter in the simplified CPR group than in the standard CPR group (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION Simplifying the learning of CPR by focusing on continuous chest compressions, with simple hand placement for chest compression, could lead to better acquisition and retention of CPR algorithms, and better quality of chest compressions than standard CPR. � 2018, Singapore Medical Association. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Singapore Medical Journal
ISSN: 00375675
DOI: 10.11622/smedj.2017084
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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