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Title: What is the role of autologous blood transfusion in major spine surgery?
Authors: Kumar, N. 
Chen, Y.
Nath, C.
Liu, E.H. 
Issue Date: Jun-2012
Citation: Kumar, N.,Chen, Y.,Nath, C.,Liu, E.H. (2012-06). What is the role of autologous blood transfusion in major spine surgery?. American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.) 41 (6) : E89-95. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Major spine surgery is associated with significant blood loss, which has numerous complications. Blood loss is therefore an important concern when undertaking any major spine surgery. Blood loss can be addressed by reducing intraoperative blood loss and replenishing perioperative blood loss. Reducing intraoperative blood loss helps maintain hemodynamic equilibrium and provides a clearer operative field during surgery. Homologous blood transfusion is still the mainstay for replenishing blood loss in major spine surgery across the world, despite its known adverse effects. These significant adverse effects can be seen in up to 20% of patients. Autologous blood transfusion avoids the risks associated with homologous blood transfusion and has been shown to be cost-effective. This article reviews the different methods of autologous transfusion and focuses on the use of intraoperative cell salvage in major spine surgery. Autologous blood transfusion is a proven alternative to homologous transfusion in major spine surgery, avoiding most, if not all of these adverse effects. However, autologous blood transfusion rates in major spine surgery remain low across the world. Autologous blood transfusion may obviate the need for homologous transfusion completely. We encourage spine surgeons to consider autologous blood transfusion wherever feasible.
Source Title: American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
ISSN: 19343418
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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