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Title: Are Guanxi-Type Supervisor-Subordinate Relationships Culture-General? An Eight-Nation Test of Measurement Invariance
Authors: Smith, P.B.
Wasti, S.A.
Grigoryan, L.
Achoui, M.
Bedford, O.
Budhwar, P.
Lebedeva, N.
Leong, C.H. 
Torres, C.
Keywords: guanxi
measurement invariance
organizational commitment
subordinate-supervisor relations
turnover intention
Issue Date: 2014
Citation: Smith, P.B., Wasti, S.A., Grigoryan, L., Achoui, M., Bedford, O., Budhwar, P., Lebedeva, N., Leong, C.H., Torres, C. (2014). Are Guanxi-Type Supervisor-Subordinate Relationships Culture-General? An Eight-Nation Test of Measurement Invariance. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 45 (6) : 921-938. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Three dimensions of subordinate-supervisor relations (affective attachment, deference to supervisor, and personal-life inclusion) that had been found by Y. Chen, Friedman, Yu, Fang, and Lu to be characteristic of a guanxi relationship between subordinates and their supervisors in China were surveyed in Taiwan, Singapore, and six non-Chinese cultural contexts. The Affective Attachment and Deference subscales demonstrated full metric invariance whereas the Personal-Life Inclusion subscale was found to have partial metric invariance across all eight samples. Structural equation modeling revealed that the affective attachment dimension had a cross-nationally invariant positive relationship to affective organizational commitment and a negative relationship to turnover intention. The deference to the supervisor dimension had invariant positive relationships with both affective and normative organizational commitment. The personal-life inclusion dimension was unrelated to all outcomes. These results indicate the relevance of aspects of guanxi to superior-subordinate relations in non-Chinese cultures. Studies of indigenous concepts can contribute to a broader understanding of organizational behavior. © The Author(s) 2014.
Source Title: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
ISSN: 15525422
DOI: 10.1177/0022022114530496
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